manorial court

manorial court

▪ feudal law
      in feudal law (manorialism), court through which a lord exercised jurisdiction over his tenants. The manorial court was presided over by the steward or seneschal, and it was there that various officials—such as the reeve, who acted as general overseer, and the hayward, who watched over the crops and brought offenders to court—were appointed. Tenants were punished and often forced to pay fines for their offenses; the manorial court thus provided the lord with a convenient source of income. Through the court, tenants also registered land transactions between themselves—when this was permitted—and surrendered or took up holdings under the lord. Manorial courts declined in the 17th century and were generally obsolete in the 18th century. See also court baron.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manorial court — From the 12c each *manor usually held its own court every three weeks or so. It regulated the manor s agricultural affairs, while also enforcing its by laws, labour services, transfer of manorial land, petty offences within the manor and against… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • manorial court — A court baron,–a court held within certain manors in which the tenants litigated and were tried …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • manorial court — noun Any of several forms of court, in medieval and early modern Europe, provided by the lord of the manor for his tenants …   Wiktionary

  • manorial court — noun : a local court held by the lord of a manor in medieval England and colonial America …   Useful english dictionary

  • court-roll — courtˈ roll noun The record of land holdings, etc of a manorial court • • • Main Entry: ↑court …   Useful english dictionary

  • court-bar|on — «KRT BAR uhn, KOHRT », noun. an English manorial court, now nearly extinct, presided over by the lord, or his steward, and having jurisdiction over disputes between tenants, local misdemeanors, and the like …   Useful english dictionary

  • Court leet — See also: Leet The court leet was a historical court baron (a manorial court) of England and Wales and Ireland that exercised the view of frankpledge and its attendant police jurisdiction,[1] which was normally restricted to the hundred courts.… …   Wikipedia

  • court baron — ▪ medieval court Latin  Curia Baronis        (“baron s court”), medieval English manorial court, or halimoot, that any lord could hold for and among his tenants. By the 13th century the steward of the manor, a lawyer, usually presided; originally …   Universalium

  • Manorial roll — The Manorial Roll or Court Roll is the roll or record kept in connection with a manorial court, in particular containing entries relating to the rents and holdings, deaths, alienations, and successions of the customary tenants or copyholders. A… …   Wikipedia

  • Court baron — A Court baron is an English manorial court dating from the Middle Ages. It was laid down by Sir Edward Coke that a manor had two courts, the first by the common law, and is called a court baron, the freeholders ( barons ) being its suitors; the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”