Macarthur, John

Macarthur, John

▪ Australian agriculturalist
      (christened Sept. 3, 1767, Stoke Damerel, Devonshire, Eng.—d. April 11, 1834, Camden, New South Wales), agriculturist and promoter who helped found the Australian wool industry, which became the world's largest.

      In 1789 Macarthur went to Australia as a lieutenant in the New South Wales Corps. By 1793 he had become a large landholder, having attained power as inspector of public works and paymaster of the corps. In the conflict between Governor Philip King and the corps over its monopoly on trade and labour supply, Macarthur shot King's representative in a duel in 1801. He was sent to England in an abortive attempt to bring him to trial. While there, he interested English manufacturers in the prospect of establishing a wool industry in Australia, to which he returned in 1805 with a grant of 5,000 acres and a mandate for developing wool production.

      In 1808 Macarthur inspired the Rum Rebellion against Governor William Bligh, who had sought to limit the landholdings and rum monopoly of the corps. Exiled to England for the next eight years, Macarthur studied the English wool market and again returned to Australia, where he, with his wife and sons, promoted the activities of the Australian Agricultural Company, formed in London in 1824 to develop the colony's wool industry. By 1830 he had enlarged his grazing estate, Camden Park, to more than 60,000 acres, becoming the dominant force in the wool trade. Between 1825 and 1832 he served two terms on the Legislative Council as spokesman for the Exclusionists, conservative large landowners. His mind failed, and in 1832 he was removed from the council by the governor, Sir Richard Bourke.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MACARTHUR, John (1767-1834) — pioneer and founder of the wool industry was born in 1767 near Plymouth, Devonshire. His father, Alexander Macarthur, had fought for Prince Charles Edward in 1745, and after Cullodon had fled to the West Indies. Some years later he returned to… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • John Macarthur (wool pioneer) — John Macarthur (1766 – 11 April 1834 [ [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A020133b.htm Macarthur, John (1767 1834)] Australian Dictionary of Biography] ) was a soldier, entrepreneur, politician and pioneer of the Australian wool industry.… …   Wikipedia

  • John Macarthur — ist der Name folgender Personen: John Macarthur (Politiker) (1767–1834), australischer Politiker und Unternehmer John D. MacArthur (1897–1978), US amerikanischer Bankier und Mäzen John F. MacArthur (* 1939), US amerikanischer Pastor, Theologe und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Macarthur (Politiker) — Porträt von John Macarthur John Macarthur (* um 1767 in Plymouth; † 11. April 1834 in Camden[1]) war ein Soldat, Politiker, Unternehmer und der Begründer der Schafszucht in Australien. Inhaltsverzeichni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John F. MacArthur — Infobox Person image caption = John F. MacArthur name= John F. MacArthur, Jr. birth date= birth date|1939|6|19|mf=y birth place= Los Angeles, California occupation= Minister. Biography The son of Jack MacArthur (an accomplished preacher in his… …   Wikipedia

  • John F. Mc Arthur — John F. MacArthur, Jr. est né le 14 juin 1939 à Los Angeles en Californie. John MacArthur est un écrivain américain baptiste réformé et un ministre du culte, rendu célèbre grâce à son émission radiophonique « Grace to You ».… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John D. MacArthur — (March 6, 1897 ndash; January 6, 1978) was an American businessman and philanthropist who established the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, benefactor in the MacArthur Fellowships. Early lifeJohn Donald MacArthur was born in Pittston …   Wikipedia

  • John Zorn — Zorn performing in 2006 Background information Also known as Dekoboko Hajime, Rav Tzizit Born September 2, 1953 …   Wikipedia

  • John MacArthur — may refer to:* John Macarthur (wool pioneer) (1766–1834), Australian wool industry pioneer * John D. MacArthur (1897–1978), American philanthropist * John F. MacArthur (born 1939), American evangelical minister and author * John R. MacArthur… …   Wikipedia

  • John R. MacArthur — (June 4, 1956, New York City) is a journalist and the president of Harper s Magazine. He is the son of J. Roderick MacArthur and Christiane L’Entendart and the grandson of billionare John D. MacArthur. He lives with his wife and two daughters in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”