Lucy, Richard de

Lucy, Richard de

▪ English justiciar
died July 14, 1179, Lesnes Abbey, Kent, Eng.

      chief justiciar (judiciary officer) of England under King Henry II (reigned 1154–89). He was involved in the king's struggle against the archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket (Becket, Saint Thomas), and he virtually controlled the country during Henry's protracted absences resulting from family rebellions that challenged the king's royal power.

      Richard came from Lucé, near Domfront, Normandy. He probably entered the English royal service under King Henry I. As a supporter of King Stephen in the civil war that broke out in 1139, Lucy in 1143 became county justiciar and sheriff of Essex. About 1155 Henry II made him and Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester, chief justiciars; after Leicester's death in 1168 Lucy held the office alone.

      As one of Henry II's chief councillors, Lucy helped formulate much important legislation, including reforms of property law and of judicial procedure. He was singled out by Henry's enemies as the main author of the Constitutions of Clarendon (1164), which maintained—contrary to Becket's stand—that clerics convicted of felony in ecclesiastical courts should be punished by lay authority instead of by the church. Lucy was excommunicated by Becket in 1166 and again in 1169, and Becket's murder by the king's henchmen in 1170 resulted in part from his refusal to lift such sentences of excommunication. In 1173–74, while Henry was fighting the rebels in Normandy, Anjou, and the north of England, Lucy helped greatly to maintain Henry's rule throughout the rest of the king's domains.

      Shortly before his death Lucy resigned (1179) his office and entered Lesnes Abbey, which he had founded the previous year in penance for his part in the events leading to Becket's murder.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard de Luci — Ruines de l abbaye de Lesnes, fondée par Richard de Luci en 1178. Richard de Luci ou Richard de Lucy (début du XIIe – 14 juillet 1179[1]), lord d Ongar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Wagner — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wagner. Richard Wagner …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucy Griffiths — Nombre real Lucy Ursula Griffiths Nacimiento 10 de octubre de 1986 (25 años) Brighton, England, UK Ficha en IMDb Lucy Griffiths, es una actriz Inglesa, mejor conocida por interpretar a Maria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lucy Borchard — Lucy Borchard, geborene May, vor 1938 Borchardt (* 10. Dezember 1877 in Hamburg; † 4. Februar 1969 in London) war eine deutsche Reederin und Eigentümerin der 1905 in Hamburg gegründeten Fairplay Schleppdampfschiffs Reederei Richard Borchardt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Armitage — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Armitage Nombre real Richard Crispin Armitage Nacimiento 22 de agosto de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richard Clarke (radio personality) — Richard Clarke (born 1978) is a British radio presenter and DJ.tudent radioAt Royal Holloway, University of London he co operated with future BBC journalist Ed Harry, wrestling promoter Dean Ayass, future Digital Radio industrialist Matt Deegan… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucy Dawidowicz — Lucy Schildkret Dawidowicz (June 16, 1915 – December 5, 1990), was an American historian and an author of books on modern Jewish history, in particular books on the Holocaust. LifeDawidowicz was born in New York City as Lucy Bagleizer. Her… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Amsel — (1947 1985) was an American illustrator and graphic designer.Richard Amsel was born in Philadelphia in December, 1947. While a student at the Philadelphia College of Art, his proposed poster art for the Barbra Streisand musical Hello, Dolly! was… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucy Mack Smith — (July 8, 1775 May 14, 1856) was the mother of Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. She is most noted for writing an award winning memoir: Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucy (Australopithecus) — Lucy Catalog number AL 288 1 Common name Lucy Species Australopithecus afarensis …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”