Lubbock, John, 1st Baron Avebury

Lubbock, John, 1st Baron Avebury

▪ British banker, politician, and naturalist
born April 30, 1834, London
died May 28, 1913, Kingsgate Castle, Kent, Eng.

      banker, influential Liberal-Unionist politician, and naturalist who successfully promoted about a dozen measures of some importance in Parliament but was perhaps best known for his books on archaeology and entomology.

      He became a partner in his father's bank at 22, succeeded him to the baronetcy in 1865, and served on commissions relating to coinage and other financial questions. In Pre-historic Times (1865), long used as a textbook of archaeology, and in The Origin of Civilization and the Primitive Condition of Man, he coined the terms Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) and Neolithic (New Stone Age).

      Lubbock was elected to Parliament for Maidstone, Kent (1870 and 1874), and served as vice chancellor of the University of London (1872–80). During that period he secured passage of the Bank Holidays Act (1871) and wrote The Origin and Metamorphoses of Insects (1873) and British Wild Flowers (1875). Elected to Parliament for the University of London (1880–1900), he influenced passage of the Bills of Exchange and Ancient Monuments Protection acts (1882) and the Shop Hours Act (1889). He also wrote Ants, Bees, and Wasps (1882) and On the Senses, Instincts, and Intelligence of Animals (1888), which established him as a pioneer in the field of animal behaviour.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • John Lubbock, 2nd Baron Avebury — John Birkbeck Lubbock, 2nd Baron Avebury, DL (4 October 1858 ndash;26 March 1929) was an English aristocrat and banker.BackgroundHe was the eldest son of John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury (1834 1913) and his first wife Ellen Frances Hordern (1841… …   Wikipedia

  • John Lubbock, 3rd Baron Avebury — (13 May 1915 ndash; 21 June 1971) was an English aristocrat.He was the son of the Honourable Harold Fox Pitt Lubbock and a grandson of John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury. His sister Moyra was married to the broadcaster Dorian Williams (1938… …   Wikipedia

  • Baron Avebury — Baron Avebury, of Avebury in the County of Wiltshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1900 for the banker, politician and archaeologist Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury — Infobox Person name = Eric Lubbock 4th Baron Avebury image size = caption = Lord Avebury on the terrace of the Palace of Westminster birth name = Eric Reginald Lubbock birth date = birth date and age|1928|9|29|df=yes birth place = death date =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lubbock — /lub euhk/, n. 1. Sir John, 1st Baron Avebury, 1834 1913, English author, natural scientist, and statesman. 2. a city in NW Texas. 173,979. * * * City (pop., 2000: 199,564), northwestern Texas, U.S. Located south of Amarillo, it was named for Tom …   Universalium

  • Lubbock (disambiguation) — Lubbock may refer to:urname* Eric Reginald Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury, Liberal Democrat member of the British House of Lords * Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas during the American Civil War and brother of Thomas * the Lubbock family, fictional… …   Wikipedia

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  • John Lubbock — Джон Лаббок англ. John Lubbock Дата рождения: 30 апреля …   Википедия

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