town, formerly capital of the district known as the Pays d'Auge, Calvados département, Basse-Normandie région, northwestern France. Lisieux has become a world centre of pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Theresa (Thérèse of Lisieux, Saint), a Carmelite nun there who died in 1897 and was canonized in 1925. Lisieux was also known for its streets of Gothic and Renaissance houses until the town was burned down in Allied bombing raids in 1944 during World War II. The 12th- to 13th-century cathedral, partly rebuilt in the 16th and 17th centuries, was one of the few buildings that escaped destruction. A museum devoted to the history of old Lisieux also contains prehistoric and Gallo-Roman exhibits.

      In Roman times the town was called Noviomagus Lexoviorum. An episcopal see from the 6th to the 18th century, Lisieux was a place of refuge for Henry II's exiled archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket (Becket, Saint Thomas). Taken from the English and reunited to France in 1203, the town was a frequent subject of dispute during the Hundred Years' War (1337–1453) and later. The pilgrimage sites in Lisieux include the Chapelle du Carmel, where St. Theresa is buried, and the imposing Sainte-Thérèse Basilica, built in Romano-Byzantine style, begun in 1929 and consecrated in 1954. Formerly a leather and wool centre, the town now has plants manufacturing electronic equipment, wood products, pharmaceuticals, and processed food. It is also a local service and administrative centre. Pop. (1999) 23,136; (2005 est.) 23,100.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lisieux — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lisieux — Lisieux …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lisieux —   [li zjø], Stadt im Département Calvados, Nordfrankreich, an der Touques, 49 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 23 700 Einwohner; Kunstmuseum; Herstellung von Auto und Fahrradteilen, Textil , Holz und Kunststoffindustrie, Werkzeugmaschinenbau, Molkereien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lisieux — (spr. Lisiöh, lat. Lisiacum), 1) südöstliches Arrondissement im französischen Departement Calvados, 17 QM., 67,000 Ew.; 2) (Civitas Lexosiorum), Hauptstadt desselben am Tocques u. Orbec u. der Paris Eherbourger Eisenbahn; 2 Friedensgerichte,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lisieux — (spr. lisjȫ), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Calvados, am Küstenfluß Touques, Knotenpunkt der Westbahn, hat eine ehemalige Kathedrale, St. Pierre, im gotischen Stil, teilweise aus dem 12. Jahrh., mit einer zur Sühne für den Prozeß… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lisieux — (spr. sĭöh), Stadt im franz. Dep. Calvados, an der Touques, (1901) 16.084 E.; Kathedrale …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lisieux — v. de France, ch. l. d arr. du Calvados; 24 506 hab. Industries. Cath. (fin XIIe déb. XIIIe s.). Couvent de carmélites (reliques de sainte Thérèse de l Enfant Jésus); basilique (1929 1952) dédiée à la sainte (pèlerinage) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lisieux — LISIEUX, ville episcopale en Normandie, Lexobij vel Lexouij, Lexouiorum. Inde Lexouiensis Episcopus …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Lisieux — 49° 08′ 47″ N 0° 13′ 36″ E / 49.1463888889, 0.226666666667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lisieux — French commune nomcommune=Lisieux région=Basse Normandie département=Calvados arrondissement=Lisieux canton=Seat of 3 cantons insee=14366 cp=14100 maire= Bernard Aubril mandat= intercomm=Lisieux Pays d Auge longitude=0.226666666667… …   Wikipedia

  • Lisieux 2e — Kanton Lisieux 2 Region Basse Normandie Département Calvados Arrondissement Lisieux Chef lieu Lisieux Einwohner – insgesamt –  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”