Leontini

Leontini

▪ ancient town, Sicily
      ancient Greek town of southeastern Sicily, 22 miles northwest of Syracuse. Originally held by the Sicels (Siculi), its command of the fertile plain on the north made it an attractive site to the Chalcidians from Naxos, who colonized it in 729 BC. Early in the 5th century Hippocrates of Gela subjugated the city, and in 476, Hieron of Syracuse, having destroyed the towns of Catana and Naxos, relocated their inhabitants in Leontini. Twice the appeals of Leontini for aid led to unsuccessful Athenian expeditions into Sicily: in 427, following a Syracusan attack on the city, and in 415, when its democrats had been expelled by Syracuse-supported oligarchs. Marcus Claudius Marcellus stormed Leontini in 214 BC, as did the Muslims in AD 846–847. It was almost totally ruined by the earthquake of 1693.

      The historian Polybius describes it as lying in a valley between two hills, each topped by an acropolis. Excavations in 1950 unearthed a Sicel hut village and the remains of the Castellaccio, a strongly fortified medieval castle, on the eastern acropolis.

      The modern town of Lentini, Sicily, a prosperous agricultural centre of over 20,000 inhabitants, lies somewhat to the northwest of the original site.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leontīni — (a. Geogr.), Stadt in Ostsicilien am Lissus, auf zwei Hügeln erbaut; dabei die Castelle Phoceä u. Bricinniä. Dabei Leontini campi, Ebene, vom Symäthus durchflossen u. fruchtbar an Weizen; Ceres soll hier ihre ersten Gaben gespendet haben (j.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • LEONTINI — Siciliae urbs quondam celeberrima, antiqua Laestrygonum sedes: Episcopal. quondam sub Archiep. Syracusano, sub Graecis Impp. hodie Lentini dicitur, Graecis omnibus Λεοντῖνοι, uno excepto Ptol. apud quem Λεόντιον. Derivatum esse nomen ἀπὸ τοῦ… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Leontīni — Leontīni, altgriech. Stadt auf Sizilien, unweit der Ostküste, auf mehreren Hügeln am Lissus, gleich südlich vom heutigen Lentini, von Naxos aus 730 v. Chr. durch Chalkidier gegründet, wurde zuerst 498 von Gela, dann von Syrakus unterworfen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leontini — Leontini, griech. Stadt an der östl. Küste Siciliens, Colonie von Naxos, in sehr fruchtbarer Gegend, wurde von Syrakus unterworfen u. von den Römern im 2. punischen Kriege zerstört …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Leontini — Lentini …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gorgias of Leontini — (c. 483–376 BC) Primarily a teacher of rhetoric, Gorgias is generally classed as a Sophist . He came to Athens in 427 BC as an ambassador from his home town in Sicily, and his distinctive antithetical style had considerable literary influence.… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • ЛЕОНТИНЫ —    • Leontini,          αι̉ Λεοντι̃νοι, н. Lentini, город Сицилии к северу западу от Сиракуз на речке Лиссе, впадающей недалеко от него в реку Терий. Халкидские переселенцы из Наксоса основали этот город через шесть лет после основания Сиракуз,… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Леонтины — (Leontini) 2 я Пуническая война Этот город, оплот сицилийских греков, защищал гарнизон, состоявший из жителей Сиракуз и дезертировавших римлян. Его взяли штурмом и разграбили в 214 до Р. X. три рим. легиона, которыми командовал Марцелл. 2000… …   Энциклопедия битв мировой истории

  • Lentini — Lentini …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lentini (Sizilien) — Lentini …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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