Lancaster, Thomas, 2nd Earl of, Earl Of Leicester, Earl Of Derby

Lancaster, Thomas, 2nd Earl of, Earl Of Leicester, Earl Of Derby

▪ English noble
born c. 1278
died March 22, 1322, Pontefract, Yorkshire, Eng.

      a grandson of King Henry III of England and the main figure in the baronial opposition to King Edward II. His opposition to royal power derived more from personal ambition than from a desire for reform.

      The son of Edmund (“Crouchback”), 1st Earl of Lancaster, he became involved in politics during the controversy over Edward II's favourite, Piers Gaveston (Gaveston, Piers, Earl of Cornwall), and was among the earls who demanded Gaveston's banishment in 1308 and who compelled Edward in 1310 to surrender his power to a committee of “Ordainers,” among whom he himself was numbered. After Gaveston returned to England in December 1311, Lancaster and other barons formed a confederacy to defend the Ordinances, and in the ensuing conflict it was on Lancaster's territory that Gaveston was executed in 1312.

      Pardoned by Edward II in 1313, Lancaster forced changes in the royal household in 1314 and by 1315 virtually controlled England. But his ambition became apparent, and a failure of statesmanship led to a fresh baronial grouping that by the compromise Treaty of Leake (1318) effected a formal reconciliation between him and the king. The rise of Hugh Le Despenser the Elder and Hugh Le Despenser the Younger as royal favourites by 1318 renewed Lancaster's quarrel with Edward, who, after their banishment in 1321, took up arms on their behalf. Lancaster was defeated by the king's forces at Boroughbridge and was executed near his castle of Pontefract, where his tomb became a centre of pilgrimage.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Lancaster — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Thomas Plantagenet title =Earl of Lancaster, Leicester and Derby imgw= 180px spouse =Alice de Lacy titles =The Earl of Lancaster The Earl of Leicester The Earl of Derby royal house =House of Plantagenet father …   Wikipedia

  • Surrey, John de Warenne, 8th Earl of, Earl Of Strathearn — ▪ English noble byname  Earl Warenne,  also called  (incorrectly) Earl Of Sussex  born June 24, 1286 died June 30, 1347, Conisborough, Yorkshire, Eng.       prominent supporter of Edward II of England, grandson of the 7th Earl of Surrey.… …   Universalium

  • Earl Shilton — Infobox UK place official name= Earl Shilton country = England os grid reference= SP472980 latitude= 52.57777 longitude= 1.30491 map type= Leicestershire civil parish= population = shire district= Hinckley and Bosworth shire county=… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset — Infobox Person name = Thomas Grey, second Marquess of Dorset image size = caption = The remains of Thomas Grey s Bradgate House today birth date = 22 June 1477 birth place = death date = 10 October 1530 death place = education = occupation = peer …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Lindsey — For the creation in the peerage of Scotland, see Earl of Lindsay. Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey. Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (see Baron Willoughby de… …   Wikipedia

  • Leicester — For other places with the same name, see Leicester (disambiguation). Coordinates: 52°38′03″N 1°08′19″W / 52.63422°N 1.13852°W / …   Wikipedia

  • John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster — This article is about the historical figure John of Gaunt. For places and organisations named after him, see John O Gaunt. John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster; Duke of Aquitaine Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Blanche of Lancaster — Infobox Person name = Blanche Of Lancaster image size = caption = birth name = birth date = birth date|1345|25|03|df=yes birth place = death date = death date and age|1369|9|12|1345|25|03|df=yes death place = body discovered = death cause =… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Edward II — 1284 1327, king of England 1307 27 (son of Edward I). * * * known as Edward of Caernarfon born April 25, 1284, Caernarfon, Caernarfonshire, Wales died September 1327, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, Eng. King of England (1307–27). He was the son of… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”