Lalor, Peter

Lalor, Peter

▪ Australian politician
born Feb. 5, 1827, Tinakill, Queen's County, Ire.
died Feb. 9, 1889, Melbourne, Australia

      Irish-born Australian leader of the 1854 gold miners' uprising at the Eureka Stockade in Ballarat, Victoria, the most celebrated rebellion in Australian history; subsequently he became a politician.

      Lalor was the son of a Home Rule supporter and landowner, and he was trained as a civil engineer in Ireland. In the mass migration that followed the great Irish famine in the mid-19th century, Lalor and one of his brothers immigrated to Australia in 1852 (three other brothers went to America). Lalor found work on the Melbourne-Geelong railway and then at the Eureka goldfield in 1853. He joined the Ballarat Reform League, formed by miners on Nov. 11, 1854, to protest high license fees, police mistreatment, lack of representation, and shortage of land. When the league's petition for reform went unanswered by the government, the miners organized to fight on November 30 and chose Lalor as their leader. He and other rebellious miners were driven out of the Eureka Stockade on December 3, and Lalor was wounded in the assault and lost an arm. He went into hiding for several weeks. Soon after he emerged, charges against the rebels' leaders were dropped. After the Eureka uprising, most of the miners' grievances were redressed.

      Lalor was one of the first goldfield representatives, elected to the Victoria Legislative Council in 1855 and then to the Legislative Assembly (lower house) in 1856–71 and 1875–87. He served as postmaster general (1875), commissioner of trade and customs (1875, 1877–80), and speaker of the Assembly from 1880 to 1887.

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  • LALOR, Peter (1827-1889) — leader of the Eureka rebellion and politician was born at Tinakill, Queen s County, Ireland, in 1827 (the date is sometimes given as 1823 but 1827 is more usual, and the notices of his death stated that he was in his sixty second year on 9… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Peter Lalor — Peter Finta Lalor (Pron en au|ˈloːlə) (5 February 1827 – 9 February 1889) was the leader of the Eureka Stockade rebellion, one of Australia s few armed uprisings and often characterised controversially as the birth of democracy in Australia.Early …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Lalor — (* 5. Februar 1827 in Tinakill, Irland ; † 9. Februar 1889, Melbourne, Australien) war einer der Hauptanführer der Eureka Stockade Rebellion. Lalor war in Tinakill in Irland geboren. Sein Vater war Grundeigentümer und politischer Gegner der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Benjamin Graham — Peter Graham Peter Graham, Sydney, 1953 Born 4 June 1925 Melbourne, Australia Died 15 April 1987 Melbourne, Australia …   Wikipedia

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  • Lalor — is an Irish surname derived from the Gaelic O Leathlobhair , meaning Half Leper. This is also the origin or the other variations in spelling of the name, Lawlor and Lawler. It is most commonly found around the midlands of Ireland especially… …   Wikipedia

  • Lalor, Victoria — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = Lalor city = Melbourne state = vic caption = lga = City of Whittlesea postcode = 3075 pop = 19,561 (2006) Census 2006 AUS | id = SSC21401 | name = Lalor (State Suburb) | accessdate = 2007 09 25 |… …   Wikipedia

  • Lalor — This is anglicized form of the Olde Gaelic name O Leahtlobhair. The Gaelic prefix O indicates male descendant of plus the personal byname Leathlobhair, a compound of the elements leath meaning half and lobar , le pros a nickname originally given… …   Surnames reference

  • Lalor — /ˈlɔlə/ (say lawluh) noun Peter, 1827–89, Australian politician, born in Ireland; leader of the Eureka rebellion, 1854. Peter Lalor, the son of an Irish landowner and politician, trained as a civil engineer before emigrating to Victoria in 1852.… …  

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