city, Kyŏngsang-puk do (province), southeastern South Korea. It is 17 miles (28 km) inland from the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea) and 34 miles (55 km) east of the provincial capital, Taegu. The capital of the Silla kingdom (57 BC–AD 935), its ancient name was Sŏrabŏl, which means “capital.” Kyŏngju plain, surrounded by a double range of hills and mountains, formed a natural fortress for the city. Kyŏngju has hundreds of ancient historical remains such as temples, stone pagodas, imperial mausoleums, mounds, and castle sites. Sŏkkuram, a grotto shrine located on the summit of the mountain T'oham-san (2,444 feet [745 m]) near Pulguksa, was built in the 8th century and is known as one of the world's most excellent shrines for Buddhist art. Kyŏngju is one of the most important Korean tourist attractions, and more than a million people visit the city annually. It is connected with Seoul and Pusan by rail and highway. Pop. (1990 prelim.) 141,895.

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Universalium. 2010.

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