Kyaukse

Kyaukse

      town, central Myanmar (Burma). Lying on the Zawgyi River, 25 miles (40 km) south of Mandalay, it is served by the Mandalay-Yangon (Rangoon) railway. The first Myanmar (Burmese) probably settled in the area about 800, and local 12th- and 13th-century inscriptions refer to Kyaukse as “the first home.” Remains of pagodas and old cities are found throughout the area. The Shwethalyaung pagoda, built by King Anawrahta (reigned 1044–77), is located in Kyaukse.

      The surrounding area consists of a level strip running south from Mandalay along the foothills of the Shan Plateau. The area is located in the heart of Myanmar's dry zone but is drained by the Panlaung and Zawgyi rivers, which were used for an ancient irrigation-canal system that predates Myanmar settlement in the area. The main lines of the canal system were supposedly dug by order of King Anawrahta in the 11th century. They are the largest of the historic irrigation works in Myanmar. The canalized area, traditionally the main Myanmar granary, was repaired and expanded under the British; it produces high yields of rice. Pop. (1983) 27,850.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kyaukse — Centre ville de Kyaukse (2007) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kyaukse — Infobox Settlement official name = Kyaukse other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = Downtown Kyaukse, the Main Road, and Clock Tower flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size …   Wikipedia

  • Kyaukse — Original name in latin Kyaukse Name in other language Kyaukse State code MM Continent/City Asia/Rangoon longitude 21.6056 latitude 96.13508 altitude 86 Population 50480 Date 2012 12 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kyaukse —    Located south of Mandalay in Mandalay Division, the site of a large irrigation complex that has played an indispensable economic role in the development of organized states in Upper Burma. Because rainfall is scarce year round compared to… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Kyaukse District — is a district of the Mandalay Division in central Burma. Townships The district contains the following townships: Kyaukse Township Sint Kaing Township Myit Thar Township Tada U Township …   Wikipedia

  • Kyaukse Township — is a township of Kyaukse District in the Mandalay Division of Burma. It makes up the area including the town of Kyaukse …   Wikipedia

  • Kyaukse Education College — Unreferenced|date=February 2008Kyaukse Education College is a basic education high school and college in the town of Kyaukse in the Mandalay Division of central Burma …   Wikipedia

  • BIRMANIE — L’Union de Birmanie (ou Myanmar) compterait environ 42 millions d’habitants en 1991, répartis sur une superficie de 678 000 kilomètres carrés. Son territoire s’allonge, du nord au sud, sur 1 900 km, mais sa largeur n’excède pas 900 km. La région… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pyu city-states — ပျူ မြို့ပြ နိုင်ငံများ ← …   Wikipedia

  • Myittha Township —   Township   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”