▪ literary genre(German: “artist's novel”), class of Bildungsroman, or apprenticeship novel, that deals with the youth and development of an individual who becomes—or is on the threshold of becoming—a painter, musician, or poet. The classic example is James Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916). The type originated in the period of German Romanticism with Ludwig Tieck's Franz Sternbalds Wanderungen (1798; “Franz Sternbald's Wanderings”). Later examples are Knut Hamsun's Hunger (1890) and Thomas Wolfe's Look Homeward, Angel (1929). Unlike many Bildungsroman, where the hero often dreams of becoming a great artist but settles for being a mere useful citizen, the Künstlerroman usually ends on a note of arrogant rejection of the commonplace life.
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