also spelled  Kujavia , Latin  Cujavia 

      lowland region of central Poland. It is bounded on the northeast by the Vistula River between Włocławek and Bydgoszcz and on the southwest by the Noteć River. First appearing in written sources in 1136, the name Kujawy referred then to the area closest to the Vistula and only later was used to also designate the region near Lake Gopło (on the Noteć).

      When King Bolesław III (the Wry-Mouthed), who ruled Poland in 1102–38, divided his kingdom among his sons in 1138, Kujawy became part of the Mazovian-Kujavian duchy; later it was separated from Mazovia (1233) and subdivided into several duchies. At the beginning of the 14th century, however, one of its dukes, Władysław (Władysław I) I (the Short), undertook the reunification of Poland, and by 1363 all the Kujavian duchies had been reincorporated into two provinces (województwa)—Brześć Kujawski (the southeastern portion) and Inowrocław (the northwestern portion).

      Prussia gained control of Inowrocław through the First Partition of Poland (1772) and acquired Brześć Kujawski through the Second Partition (1793). The two provinces were subsequently reunited as the province of Bydgoszcz and incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, which was created by Napoleon in 1807. But in 1815, when the duchy was dismembered, only the eastern section of Kujawy was included in the newly formed Congress Kingdom of Poland; the remainder was returned to Prussia. In 1918 newly independent Poland reabsorbed all of Kujawy, dividing that region between the provinces of Pomerania (Pomorze) and Warsaw; in 1945 the entire area was included in the province of Bydgoszcz.

      Kujawy now occupies a part of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province. The region is distinguished by its productive agriculture and food-processing industry. Its main mineral resources are salt and limestone. Important urban and industrial centres are Bydgoszcz, Inowrocław, and Włocławek.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kujawy — Kujawy, también denominada Cuyavia o Kuiavia, es una región histórica de Polonia. Su capital es Kruszwica. Geografía Se sitúa en el centro de Polonia y por ella cruza el río Noteć. Historia A principios de la Edad Media, formaba parte de la Gran… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kujawy — For the ancient state in Ukraine, see Kuyaba. For Polish villages named Kujawy , see Kujawy (disambiguation). Kujawy region (outlined) within Poland Kujawy ([kuˈjavɨ], sometimes referred to as Kuyavia or Cuyavia (from Latin: Cuiavia) …   Wikipedia

  • Kujawy — Lage der Region Kujawien Kujawien (polnisch Kujawy) ist ein im nördlich zentralen Polen westlich von der Weichsel hin bis an den Oberlauf der Netze gelegener Landstrich in der Woiwodschaft Kujawien Pommern. Wichtige Städte am Rande dieses… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kujawy — Sp Kujãvija Ap Kujawy L ist. sr. C Lenkijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Kujawy (disambiguation) — Kujawy, or Kuyavia, is a region of north central Poland.Kujawy may also refer to the following villages: *Kujawy, Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship (north central Poland) *Kujawy, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (south central Poland) …   Wikipedia

  • Kujawy (voivodato de Mazovia) — Kujawy …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kujawy, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship — Infobox Settlement name = Kujawy settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Kuyavian Pomeranian subdivision type2 = County… …   Wikipedia

  • Kujawy, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship — Infobox Settlement name = Kujawy settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Świętokrzyskie subdivision type2 = County subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • List of bishops of Kujawy — Bishops of Kujawy (later known as bishops of Włocławek) are the bishops of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kujawy (1133 1818), Roman Catholic Diocese of Kujawy Kalisz (1818 1925) and Roman Catholic Diocese of Włocławek (from 1925).Bishop of Kujawy… …   Wikipedia

  • Hotel Kujawy — (Влоцлавек,Польша) Категория отеля: 1 звездочный отель Адрес: ul. Kościuszki 20, 87 800 Влоцлавек …   Каталог отелей

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”