Kuba

Kuba

▪ historical kingdom, Africa
      former African kingdom in the interior of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, bounded to the southwest by the Kasai and Lulua rivers and to the north by the Sankuru River, a tributary of the Kasai. Founded about 1600 by migrants from the lower Kasai River, it was actually a federation of smaller, nearly autonomous states such as the Bushongo and the Ngongo.

      In the 19th century, rebellions in the east and Lulua invasions in the south weakened Kuba to the point of civil war. About 1910 the colonial regime of the Belgian Congo extended its control over the area and quelled the disorders, strengthening the Kuba kings by excluding lesser officials and rivals.

people
also called  Bakuba, 

      a cluster of about 16 Bantu-speaking groups in southeastern Congo (Kinshasa), living between the Kasai and Sankuru rivers east of their confluence.

      Kuba cultivate corn (maize), cassava, millet, peanuts (groundnuts), and beans as staples. They grow raffia and oil palms, raise corn as a cash crop, and hunt and fish. They have kept aloof from modern life, and few have emigrated or engage in European-style occupations. The groups are divided into lineages related through matrilineal descent; the lineages are segments of numerous dispersed clans. The Kuba are united in a kingdom, ruled by the central Bushongo group, which emerged about 1600. The kingdom is a federation of chiefdoms, each ruled by a chief and two or three councils that represent the general population and noble clans. The ruling Bushongo chief is king by divine right. Uniting factors include bonds of common culture and group feeling, a royal army, and a common administration.

 Nature spirits, the spirits of dead kings, and witchcraft dominate Kuba religion. Nearly all objects of daily use are decorated, and carved wooden figurines, initiation masks, cups, and beautifully embroidered handwoven raffia cloth are especially prized for export (see photograph—>).
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kuba — Kuba …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Küba — ist der Name einer Videoinstallation von Kutluğ Ataman von 2004. Sie besteht aus 40 filmischen Porträts von Einwohnern und Einwohnerinnen eines Istanbuler Gecekondu, das allgemein „Küba“ genannt wird. Eigentlich ist „Küba“ das türkische Wort für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KUBA — Les Kuba habitent, dans la province de Kasaï au Zaïre, le territoire délimité par la rivière Kasaï et son affluent, le Sankuru. Savane et forêt se partagent la région, fertile et riche en gibier et en poisson. Ce peuple, de 100 000 âmes environ… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kuba — may refer to:*Kuba, Tibet *Quba (city), capital of Quba Rayon, Azerbaijan *Quba Rayon, a district of Azerbaijan *Quba Khanate, an independent principality from 1747 1806, part of modern day Azerbaijan *Kuba Kingdom, pre Colonial Central African… …   Wikipedia

  • KUBA — KUBA, city in N.E. Azerbaijan. From the 17th century, there was an important community of mountain jews in Kuba. In 1734, during the military expedition of nadir shah from Persia, many communities in the vicinity of Kuba were destroyed and many… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • kuba — kȗba ž DEFINICIJA dio šešira koji pokriva glavu ili prati oblik glave (osim oboda) [visoka kuba; niska kuba; ravna kuba] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi kube …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Küba — Kuba is a village in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.ee also*List of towns and villages in TibetasExternal links and references* [http://fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Kuba.html Fallingrain.com] …   Wikipedia

  • Kuba [2] — Kuba, 1) Kreis (sonst Khanat) im russischen Gouvernement Derbent (Transkaukasien), südlichster Theil von Daghestan, an den Kaspischen See grenzend; Gebirg: Kaukasus; am See eben, gut bewässert; bringt Getreide, Färberröthe, Obst, Wein; in den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kuba [1] — Kuba, Flüssigkeitsmaß in Habesch = 51, 25 Pariser Cubikzoll …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kuba [1] — Kuba, Insel, s. Cuba …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kuba [2] — Kuba, Kreis im nördlichen Teil des russ. Gouv. Baku in Transkaukasien, am nördlichen Abhang des Kaukasus und am Kaspischen Meer, 7311 qkm mit (1897) 183,460 Einw., überwiegend Mohammedaner (Perser, Lesghier, Tataren). Die Perser treiben Acker und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”