city, southeastern Finland, on two islands, Hovinsaari and Kotkansaari, at the mouth of the Kymi River on the Gulf of Finland (Finland, Gulf of), east-northeast of Helsinki. Kotkansaari was fortified by the Russians between 1790 and 1800, and its main fort was destroyed by a British fleet in 1855 during secondary operations of the Crimean War. Kotka was founded in 1878 and was greatly developed during the late 1930s. A Greek Orthodox church (1795) is the oldest building in the city; there is also a Lutheran church (1898). The Kymenlaakso Museum, 10 mi (16 km) northwest, was originally built for Tsar Alexander III. Connected by rail and road to the mainland, Kotka is a major seaport for eastern Finland and an important industrial centre that specializes in lumber, pulp, cellulose, and phosphate exportation, as well as petroleum importation; the city also has sugar refining and flour milling. Pop. (2000) 53,904.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • kotka — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ib, CMc. kotkatce; lm D. kotkatek {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} samica kota domowego; kocica : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Kotka lizała swoje kocięta. {{/stl 10}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Kotka — Kotka, Hafenstadt in Finnland, im Gouv. Wiborg, auf einer Insel am Ausfluß des Kymmeneelf (s. d.) und an der Staatsbahnlinie Kouvola K., hat mehrere industrielle Etablissements, eine Bank, ansehnliche Holzausfuhr und (1900) 5817 Einw. K. ist Sitz …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kotka — Kotka, Hafenstadt im finn. Län Wiborg, auf einer kleinen Insel im Finn. Meerbusen, 5817 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kotka — Kotkan kaupunki Wappen Karte Basisdaten Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kotka — 60° 28′ N 26° 57′ E / 60.47, 26.95 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kotka — Kotkan kaupunkiCityKotka (1879)Administrative ProvinceSouthern FinlandRegionKymenlaaksoArea Total Land Water 750 km² 272 km² 478 km² Population Density 54,860 (2005) 204/km²Kotka (Finnish for eagle ) is a town and municipality of Finland.It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Kotka TP — FC KooTeePee Voller Name Football Club Kotkan Työväen Palloilijat Gegründet 1927 Stadion Arto Tolsa Areena, Kotka Plätze 4.870 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kotka — Estadísticas Escudo: Localización: Nombre: Kotka Región …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kotka — Original name in latin Kotka Name in other language Gorad Kotka, Kotka, Kotka linn, Kotko, Ktka, Ruotsinsalmi, Svensksund, ke te ka, koteuka, kotoka, kwtka, Горад Котка, Котка State code FI Continent/City Europe/Helsinki longitude 60.46667… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kotka — Sp Kotkà Ap Kotka L P Suomija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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