Koolau Range

Koolau Range

▪ mountains, Hawaii, United States
 mountains paralleling for 37 miles (60 km) the eastern coast of Oahu island, Hawaii, U.S. The range was formed by volcanic eruptions and has an average width of 13 miles (21 km). The original caldera, 6 miles (10 km) long and 4 miles (6 km) wide and the second largest in the state, is now a hill near the town of Kaneohe. The Diamond Head and Koko Head capes (east of Honolulu) resulted from the range's last volcanic activity, more than 10,000 years ago. Because of its wind-facing position, the Koolau (“Windward”) Range traps precipitation, which results in numerous streams and waterfalls. The range's most characteristic feature is a serrated precipice, the pali (“cliff”), that rises abruptly on its eastern side and reaches varying heights (500 to 2,500 feet [150 to 750 metres]) 2 miles (3 km) from the sea. The highest point in the range is Konahuanui, which is actually two peaks (3,150 feet and 3,105 feet [960 metres and 946 metres]) and lies at the head of the Nuuanu Valley. Two cliff passes—Nuuanu and Waimanalo palis—cut through the range, there pierced by highway tunnels. The 1,200-foot (366-metre) Nuuanu Pali is associated with the conquest of Oahu by Kamehameha I in 1795, when his troops forced Oahu warriors up the valley and over the cliff to be killed on the jagged rocks below. The Koolau's more gradual western slopes form a picturesque background for Honolulu. Western lava flows created the Schofield Barracks, a saddle (ridge) 14 miles (22 km) long and 5 miles (8 km) wide between the Koolau Range and the Waianae Range (which parallels the island's west coast).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Koolau Range — geographical name mountains Hawaii in E Oahu …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Oahu — /oh ah hooh/, n. an island in central Hawaii: third largest and most important island of the state; location of Honolulu. 630,528; 589 sq. mi. (1525 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000: 876,165) of Hawaii, U.S. Situated between the islands of Kauai …   Universalium

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  • Melicope lydgatei — Conservation status Critically Imperiled (NatureServe) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Chamaesyce rockii — ID 17900 Symbol Key CHRO2 Common Name Koolau Range sandmat Family Euphorbiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit Tree, Shrub Durati …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Cyanea crispa — ID 23796 Symbol Key CYCR9 Common Name Koolau Range rollandia Family Campanulaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit Shrub, Subshrub …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Delissea subcordata — ID 25609 Symbol Key DESU Common Name Koolau Range delissea Family Campanulaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit Shrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Labordia cyrtandrae — ID 44581 Symbol Key LACY Common Name Koolau Range labordia Family Loganiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit Shrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Lobelia gaudichaudii ssp. koolauensis — ID 48396 Symbol Key LOGAK3 Common Name Koolau Range lobelia Family Campanulaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb …   USDA Plant Characteristics

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