Konkan

Konkan

also called  Aparanta 

      coastal plain of western India, lying between the Arabian Sea (west) and the Western Ghats (east). The plain stretches approximately 330 miles (530 km) from the Daman Ganga River north of Mumbai (Bombay) to the Terekhol River between Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) and Goa states and Daman and Diu (Damān and Diu) union territory in the south. Between 28 and 47 miles (45 and 76 km) in width, the Konkan includes the regions of Thane, Greater Mumbai, Raigarh, and Ratnagiri.

      The region is traversed by seasonal rivers that drain the heavy monsoonal rainfall from the crest of the Sahyadri Hills. The generally uneven terrain is composed of eroded remnant ranges of the Ghats that form low lateritic plateaus in the west and terminate in a coastline of alternating bays and headlands. Only about one-third of the land is cultivable, and the population lives mainly in the relatively fertile river valleys near the coast and in the newly developed industrial belts around Mumbai, Thane, Khopali, and Panvel. The barren hills are occupied by the pastoral Bhil, Kathkari, and Kokana peoples. The main crops are rice, pulses (legumes), vegetables, fruits, and coconuts; fishing and salt manufacture are also important.

      The industrial complex of Greater Mumbai is the primary economic focus of the region. Nearly all trade is carried on with Mumbai, and steady migration to the city has left rural Konkan depleted of manpower and skilled workers. Iron and manganese are mined and exported through the port of Reddi.

      The ports of the Konkan were known to the ancient Greeks and Egyptians and to Arab traders. The spice trade brought prosperity to the ancient Hindu kingdoms of the area. The cave temples of Elephanta Island and Kanheri bear testimony to the prosperous culture of this era. With the advent of the Portuguese and British, the port cities were further developed and fortified but now have lost their former importance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Konkan — Konkan, Küstenlandschaft in der britisch ind. Präsidentschaft Bombay, zwischen den Westghats und dem Arabischen Meer, 3–70 km breit. umfaßt Stadt und Insel Bombay, die Distrikte Ratnagiri, Kolaba und Thana und drei einheimische Staaten: Dschawhar …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Konkan — Kōnkan, zur Südl. Division der brit. ind. Präsidentschaft Bombay gehörige Landschaft, 35.306 qkm, (1901) ca. 3.035.700 E. (Mahratten) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Konkan —   [ kɔȖkən], Landschaft an der Westküste Indiens, zwischen Goa und Daman, 45 75 km breit, über 500 km lang; niederschlagsreich; Reisanbau, Kokospalmen; wichtigstes wirtschaftliches Zentrum ist Bombay.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Konkan — For the village in Burkina Faso, see Konkan, Burkina Faso. A typical view of the Konkan, consisting of white sand beaches and palm trees (mostly coconut and betel nut). The Konkan (Marathi/Konkani: कोंकण;) also called the Konkan Coast or Karavali …   Wikipedia

  • Konkan — Côte de Konkan La côte de Konkan , en marâthî  : कोकण, désigne une partie de la côte occidentale de l Inde, entre le golfe de Cambay au nord et la côte de Kanara au sud. Elle comprend principalement la côte de l État du Maharashtra, dont la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Konkan — geographical name region W India in W Maharashtra bordering on Arabian Sea & extending from Bombay S to Goa …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Konkan Railway — Overview Type Regional rail Status Operational Locale Konkan, India Termini Roha Thokur …   Wikipedia

  • Konkan Railway Corporation — (KRC) is a subsidiary of the Indian Railways (IR). It operates the Konkan Railways, a subsidiary zone of the Indian Railways. Its headquarters is at Belapur in New Bombay. KRC has been making losses since it opened in the 1990s prompting many to… …   Wikipedia

  • Konkan Kanya Express — is an Indian Railways train running between Mumbai and Madgaon on the Konkan Railway route. The train covers the 765 km journey in about 13.5 hours. Konkan Kanya literally means Konkan s virgin, [ [http://www.experiencefestival.com/kanya Kanya ]… …   Wikipedia

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