Klug, Aaron

Klug, Aaron

▪ British chemist
born Aug. 11, 1926, Lithuania

      British chemist who was awarded the 1982 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his investigations of the three-dimensional structure of viruses (virus) and other particles that are combinations of nucleic acids and proteins, and for the development of crystallographic electron microscopy.

      Klug was taken by his parents from Lithuania to South Africa when he was three years old. He entered the University of the Witwatersrand at Johannesburg intending to study medicine, but he graduated with a science degree. He then began a doctoral program in crystallography at the University of Cape Town but left with a master's degree upon receiving a fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he completed his doctorate in 1953.

      He then accepted a research fellowship at Birkbeck College of the University of London, undertaking the study of the structure of tobacco mosaic virus and other viruses. Klug's discoveries were made in conjunction with his own development of the techniques of crystallographic electron microscopy, (electron microscope) whereby series of electron micrographs, taken of two-dimensional crystals from different angles, can be combined to produce three-dimensional images of particles. His method has been widely used to study proteins and viruses. In 1958 Klug became director of the Virus Structure Research Group at Birkbeck. In 1962 (at the invitation of Francis Crick, who shared a Nobel Prize that year) Klug returned to Cambridge as a staff member of the Medical Research Council; in 1978 he was named joint head of its division of structural studies. He was knighted in 1988.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KLUG, AARON — (1926– ), British biochemist and Nobel laureate. Born in Lithuania, Klug was taken by his parents to South Africa at the age of two. As a youngster, he was a member of the Habonim Zionist youth movement. In 1949, after attending the University of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Klug, Aaron — ► (n. 1926) Científico británico. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1982, por el desarrollo de la microscopía cristalográfica mediante el empleo de electrones y por su teoría sobre la estructura biológica de complejos de ácidos nucleicos y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Klug — Klug, Aaron …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aaron Klug — Infobox Scientist name = Aaron Klug image width = 150px caption = birth date = Birth date and age|1926|8|11 birth place = Želva, Lithuania nationality = United Kingdom field = Biophysics, chemistry work institutions = alma mater = doctoral… …   Wikipedia

  • Aaron Klug — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Klug. Aaron Klug (11 août 1926 à Zelvas, Lituanie) est un physicien et chimiste anglais d origine lituanienne. Il reçut le prix Nobel de chimie en 1982[1]. Biogra …   Wikipédia en Français

  • klug — intelligent; sinnvoll; nützlich; weise; weltklug; durchdacht; vernünftig; sinnig (umgangssprachlich); gewieft; scharfsinnig; schlau; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aaron Klug — Aaron Klug, OM, FRS (11 de agosto de 1926 en Zelvas, Lituania) es un químico y biofísico británico de origen lituano galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química en el año 1982. Biografía A los dos años se mudó a Durban, Sudáfrica, se graduó en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Klug — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aaron Klug (* 1926), britischer Biochemiker südafrikanischer Herkunft Annette Klug (* 1969), deutsche Fechterin Astrid Klug (* 1968), deutsche Politikerin Bernd Klug (1914–1976), deutscher Marineoffizier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aaron Ciechanover — en 2004 Naissance 1er octobre 1947 Haïfa (Palestine mandataire) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aaron Klug — Sir Aaron Klug, OM (* 11. August 1926 in Želva, Distrikt Vilnius, Litauen) ist ein britischer Biochemiker und Molekularbiologe südafrikanischer Herkunft. Ausbildung und wissenschaftliche Arbeiten Aaron Klug ist der Sohn von Bella Silin Klug und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”