Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb
- Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb
▪ German poet
born July 2, 1724, Quedlinburg, Saxony [Germany]
died March 14, 1803, Hamburg
German epic and lyric poet whose subjective vision marked a break with the rationalism that had dominated German literature in the early 18th century.
Klopstock was educated at Schulpforta, a prestigious Protestant boarding school, where he read John Milton's Paradise Lost
in the translation by the influential Swiss critic Johann Jakob Bodmer (Bodmer, Johann Jakob
). That experience prompted Klopstock to begin planning a great religious epic poem. In 1749 the first three cantos of his Der Messias
), written in unrhymed hexameters, appeared in the Bremer Beiträge
and created a sensation.
To fulfill what he considered his poetic mission, Klopstock left his studies at the University of Leipzig and became a private tutor at Langensalza, Thuringia. There he fell in love with a cousin, the “Fanny” of his odes. Disappointed in romance, he went to Zürich (1750), staying for six months with Bodmer.
An invitation and an annuity from Frederick V of Denmark took him to Copenhagen, where he remained for 20 years. While there Klopstock composed historical plays dealing with the ancient Germanic hero Arminius
. In 1754 he married Margarethe (Meta
) Moller of Hamburg, who was the “Cidli” of his odes. Grief over her early death affected his creativity. A collection of his Oden
(“Odes”) was published in 1771. In 1770 he retired to Hamburg, where the last five cantos of Der Messias
were produced with waning inspiration three years later. In 1791 he married Johanna Elisabeth von Winthem, his first wife's niece and a close friend for many years.
Although widely known as the author of Der Messias—the work was translated into 17 languages—Klopstock established his reputation chiefly as a lyric poet. The free verse forms he used in his hymnlike odes permitted a more natural and expressive use of language.
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Klopstock,Friedrich Gottlieb — Klop·stock (klŏpʹstŏk , klôpʹshtôk ), Friedrich Gottlieb. 1724 1803. German poet whose unrhymed classically structured works, notably the epic The Messiah (1748 1773), influenced Goethe and the development of German literature. * * * … Universalium
Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb — ► (1724 1803) Poeta alemán. Autor de Messias (1748 73), poema religioso inspirado en El paraíso perdido de Milton … Enciclopedia Universal
KLOPSTOCK, FRIEDRICH GOTTLIEB — German poet, born at Quedlinburg; distinguished as the author of an epic poem entitled the Messiah, which is his chief work, his treatment of which invested him with a certain sense of sanctity, and the publication of which did much to quicken … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock — Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Porträt von Jens Juel Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (* 2. Juli 1724 in Quedlinburg; † 14. März 1803 in Hamburg) war ein deutscher Dichter … Deutsch Wikipedia
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock — Portrait par Johann Caspar Füssli (1750) … Wikipédia en Français
Klopstock, Friedr. Gottlieb — Klopstock, Friedr. Gottlieb, der gottbegeisterte Sänger des Messias, der Dichter der Oden, wurde 1724 zu Quedlinburg geb. und hegte schon als Student auf der Universität zu Jena den kühnen Gedanken, den Deutschen dereinst zu werden, was Hemer den … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock — Infobox Person name=Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock caption=Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. Painting by Johann Caspar Füssli (1750) dead=dead birth date=birth date|1724|7|2|mf=y birth place=Quedlinburg, Germany death date=death date and… … Wikipedia
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock — Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. Retrato de Johann Caspar Füssli (1750). Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (2 de julio de 1724 – 14 de marzo de 1803), poeta alemán, famoso por su poema Der Messias. Historia Nació … Wikipedia Español
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock — noun German poet (1724 1803) • Syn: ↑Klopstock • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet … Useful english dictionary
Klopstock — Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb … Enciclopedia Universal