Kivi, Aleksis

Kivi, Aleksis

▪ Finnish author
pseudonym of  Aleksis Stenvall  
born Oct. 10, 1834, Nurmijǎrvi, Russian Finland [now in Finland]
died Dec. 31, 1872, Tuusula

      father of the Finnish (Finnish literature) novel and drama and the creator of Finland's modern literary language.

      Though Kivi grew up in rural poverty, he entered the University of Helsinki in 1857. In 1860 he won the Finnish Literary Society's drama competition with his tragedy Kullervo, based on a theme taken from the Finnish national epic Kalevala. His most famous plays are the rural comedies Nummisuutarit (1864; “Shoemakers of the Heath”), the story of the unsuccessful courting of a simple-minded and gullible youth, and Kihlaus (1867; “Fugitives”). Kivi's Seitsemän veljestä (1870; Seven Brothers), the first novel written in Finnish, tells the story of some freedom-loving village youths who take to the woods and live a life of adventure but gradually mature and finally accept the responsibilities of sober citizens in a farming community. It contains elements of realism and Romanticism and a great deal of humour. As Finland's first professional writer, Kivi struggled throughout his life against poverty and hostile criticism. In his last years he was psychotic. Though his works are now regarded as classics, a collection of his poems, Kanervala (1866; “Land of the Heathen”), which departed from contemporary poetic conventions, did not begin to be fully appreciated until almost a century after his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kivi, Aleksis — (1834 1872)    A Finnish novelist, poet, and dramatist, Kivi is the father of the Finnish novel. Although he wrote only one, Seitsemån veljestå (1870; tr. Seven Brothers, 1929, 1973, 1991), it is the best known novel in Finnish, and its contents… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Kivi, Aleksis — pseud. di Stenvall, Aleksis …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Aleksis Kivi — Earliest known image of Aleksis Kivi. Drawn in 1873 almost certainly by Albert Edelfelt. Born 10 October 1834(1834 10 10) Nurmijärvi, Finland …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksis Kivi — Denkmal in Helsinki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KIVI (A.) — Lorsque la Finlande, au sortir de longs siècles de tutelle, accède enfin à une relative indépendance au XIXe siècle, son premier soin est de retrouver sa personnalité: le Kalevala d’Elias Lönnrot la lui révèle; son second souci est de se doter… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kivi — (Aleksis Stenvall, dit Aleksis) (1834 1872) romancier et auteur dramatique finlandais: les Sept Frères (1870) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aleksis Kivi — Statue d Aleksis Kivi devant le Théâtre national de Finlande d Helsinki Aleksis Kivi (de son vrai nom Alexis Stenvall) est un écrivain finlandais, né à Nurmijärvi le 10 octobre 1834 et décédé à Tuusula le 31 décembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksis Kivi — Primera imagen conocida de Aleksis Kivi. Dibujado en 1873 por Albert Edelfelt. Aleksis Kivi (pronunciación ▶?/i), nacido como Alexis Stenvall …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kivi — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aleksis Kivi (1834–1872), finnischer Nationalschriftsteller Antero Kivi (1904–1981), finnischer Leichtathlet Kalju Kivi (* 1951), estnischer Künstler und Animationsfilmer Maarja Kivi (* 1986), estnische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kivi — is a surname, and may refer to:* Aleksis Kivi (1834 1872), Finnish author * Antero Kivi (1904 1981), discus thrower * Maarja Kivi (born 1986), Estonian musicianee also* Kivi Sotamaa (born 1971), Finnish architect * KIVI * Kiwi (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

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