King, Ernest Joseph

King, Ernest Joseph

▪ United States admiral
born November 23, 1878, Lorain, Ohio, U.S.
died June 25, 1956, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
 American admiral who was commander in chief of U.S. naval forces and chief of naval operations throughout most of World War II. He masterminded the successful U.S. military campaign against Japan in the Pacific.

      King graduated from the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, in 1901 and was commissioned in the navy in 1903. He became a rear admiral in 1933 and a vice admiral in 1938, and he was appointed head of the Atlantic Fleet in January 1941. A few days after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941), King succeeded Admiral Husband J. Kimmel as commander in chief of the U.S. fleet, with the rank of admiral. In March 1942 he also took over the post of chief of naval operations, becoming the most important figure in the navy (and the only man ever to hold both appointments). He was also a member of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff and of the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff Committee, and he attended most of the high-level international conferences of the war.

      King prosecuted the war against Japan with great energy, and he provided a counterbalance to the defeat-Germany-first strategy of other Allied leaders. King's global strategy was largely responsible for the destruction of the Japanese navy and merchant marine during the war. He picked Admiral Chester W. Nimitz (Nimitz, Chester W) to command the U.S. Pacific Fleet, and his other personnel choices were equally inspired. King also implemented the system whereby the U.S. Navy (United States Navy, The)'s far-flung warships were supplied and repaired at sea by relays of special ships so that they could remain at sea for months at a time. By 1945 the U.S. Navy had grown under King's direction to 92,000 ships and other craft and about four million men.

      King had been promoted to the rank of fleet admiral in 1944. The post of commander in chief of the U.S. fleet was abolished at war's end, and King relinquished the post of chief of naval operations to Nimitz in December 1945. His memoirs, cowritten with Walter Muir Whitehill, were published as Fleet Admiral King: A Naval Record (1952).

Additional Reading
Thomas B. Buell, Master of Sea Power (1980, reissued 1995), covers King's life and career.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ernest Joseph King — (* 23. November 1878 in Lorain, Ohio; † 25. Juni 1956 im Marinekrankenhaus, Portsmouth, New Hampshire) war einer der bedeutendsten US amerikanischen Admirale der US Navy im Rang eines Fleet Admiral während des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest Joseph King — Ernest King Ernest King Ernest Joseph King (né le 23 novembre 1878 à Lorain, Ohio, mort le 25 juin 1956 dans le New Hampshire) était le commandant en chef de la flotte de l US Navy et le chef des opérations navales (COMINCH CNO) durant la Seconde …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernest Joseph Lemaire — was Clerk of the Privy Council of Canada, Secretary to the Cabinet and head of the Canadian civil service from August 14, 1923, to January 1, 1940. [http://www.pco bcp.gc.ca/default.asp?Language=E Page=clerk Sub=FormerClerks doc=FormerClerks1923… …   Wikipedia

  • Ernest King — Ernest Joseph King (* 23. November 1878 in Lorain, Ohio; † 25. Juni 1956 im Marinekrankenhaus, Portsmouth, New Hampshire) war einer der bedeutendsten US amerikanischen Admirale der US Navy im Rang eines Fleet Admiral während des Zweiten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest J. King — Ernest King Ernest King Ernest Joseph King (né le 23 novembre 1878 à Lorain, Ohio, mort le 25 juin 1956 dans le New Hampshire) était le commandant en chef de la flotte de l US Navy et le chef des opérations navales (COMINCH CNO) durant la Seconde …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernest King — Ernest Joseph King (né le 23 novembre 1878 à Lorain, Ohio, mort le 25 juin 1956 dans le New Hampshire) était le commandant en chef de la flotte de l US Navy et le chef des opérations navales (COMINCH CNO) durant la Sec …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CASSEL, SIR ERNEST JOSEPH — (1852–1921), British financier. Cassel, a banker s son, was born in Cologne. As a boy, he began to work at the Eltzbacher bank. At 16, he went to England where he became a clerk for a Liverpool grain dealer. He subsequently joined the London… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ernest J. King — Ernest Joseph King (* 23. November 1878 in Lorain, Ohio; † 25. Juni 1956 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire) war einer der bedeutendsten Admirale der US Navy im Rang eines Fleet Admiral während des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ernest King — Infobox Military Person name= Ernest Joseph King lived= birth date|1878|11|23 ndash; Death date and age|1956|6|25|1878|11|23| placeofbirth=Lorain, Ohio placeofdeath=Kittery, Maine caption=Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King. nickname=Ernie; Rey… …   Wikipedia

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