Kenyon, Dame Kathleen

Kenyon, Dame Kathleen

▪ British archaeologist
in full  Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon 
born January 5, 1906, London, England
died August 24, 1978, Wrexham, Clwyd [now in Wrexham], Wales

      English archaeologist who excavated Jericho to its Stone Age foundation and showed it to be the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement.

      After working (1929) with the British archaeologist Gertrude Caton-Thompson (Caton-Thompson, Gertrude) at the Zimbabwe ruins in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Kenyon directed much attention to the archaeological remains of ancient Britain, working at a number of sites and publishing numerous findings between 1930 and 1951. She excavated the Roman town of Sabratha in 1948–49 and 1951. She was associated with the University of London Institute of Archaeology from 1935 to 1962 and served as principal of St. Hugh's College, Oxford, from 1962 to 1973. In 1973 she was created Dame of the British Empire.

      While serving as director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem from 1951 to 1966, Kenyon conducted her researches (1952–58) at Tell as-Sulṭān, Jordan, the site of prehistoric and Old Testament Jericho. Though her chief interests lay in determining the dates of its initial settlement (8th millennium BC) and its destruction by Joshua and the Israelites (c. 1425 BC), she accomplished much more. She placed the establishment of an agricultural economy at about 7000 BC, from which a massive stone wall and a great tower also date, and found an elaborate domestic architecture from the 7th millennium. The unearthing of extraordinary 7th-millennium portrait sculptures of plaster modeled over human skulls was particularly illustrative of her meticulous excavation technique. From 1961 to 1967 she turned her attention to Jerusalem. Writings related to her later work include Digging up Jericho (1957), Excavations at Jericho (vol. 1, 1960; 2, 1965), Amorites and Canaanites (1966), Royal Cities of the Old Testament (1970), and Digging up Jerusalem (1974).

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  • KENYON, DAME KATHLEEN MARY° — (1906–1978), British archaeologist; daughter of biblical scholar and director of the British Museum, Sir Frederic Kenyon. Early in her career she took part in excavations at Zimbabwe (1929), St Albans/ Verulamium (1930–35), and Samaria (1931–34) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kathleen Kenyon — Kathleen Kenyon. Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon nació el 5 de enero de 1906 y falleció el 24 de agosto de 1978. Destacada arqueóloga inglesa, especialmente de la cultura del Neolítico en la Creciente fértil y en las excavaciones de Jericó entre 1952 y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kathleen Kenyon — Born January 5, 1906(1906 01 05) London …   Wikipedia

  • Kathleen Kenyon — Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon (* 5. Januar 1906 in London; † 24. August 1978 in Wrexham) war eine britische Archäologin. Leben Kathleen Kenyon war die älteste Tochter von Frederic G. Kenyon, einem Leiter des British Museum. Sie studierte in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wheeler-Kenyon method — The Wheeler Kenyon method is a method of archaeological excavation. The technique draws its origins from Mortimer Wheeler s work at Verulamium (1930 35), and was later refined by Kathleen Kenyon during her excavations at Jericho (1952 58).The… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederic G. Kenyon — Sir Frederic George Kenyon GBE KCB TD FBA FSA (15 January 1863 ndash;23 August 1952) was a British paleographer, biblical and classical scholar. He was the director of the British Museum. He was also the president of the British Academy from 1917 …   Wikipedia

  • John Robert Kenyon — (1807 at Pradoe, Shropshire ndash;17 April 1880, Pradoe) was an British lawyer and academic.He was born the third son of Thomas Kenyon of Pradoe in Shropshire, gentleman. He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, on 24 January 1825, aged 18. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Jericho — /jer i koh /, n. 1. an ancient city of Palestine, N of the Dead Sea, formerly in W Jordan; occupied by Israel 1967 94; since 1994 under Palestinian self rule. 2. a town on W Long Island, in SE New York. 12,739. * * * Arabic Arīḥā Town (pop., 1997 …   Universalium

  • Jerusalem — Jerusalemite, adj., n. /ji rooh seuh leuhm, zeuh /, n. a city in and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948 67; Jordanian sector annexed by… …   Universalium

  • Diana Kirkbride — Diana Victoria Warcup Kirkbride Halbaek (22 October 1915 – 13 August 1997) was a British archaeologist who specialised in the prehistory of the Near East.[1] Contents 1 Biography 2 Positions held …   Wikipedia

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