Kemp, Jack

Kemp, Jack

▪ American politician
in full  Jack French Kemp  
born July 13, 1935, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.
 conservative American politician who was the Republican nominee for vice president in 1996.

      Kemp's father owned a small trucking firm; his mother was a public school teacher and social worker. Kemp attended Occidental College in Los Angeles (B.A., 1957), where he excelled as a football quarterback. After brief stints with various professional teams, Kemp led the Buffalo Bills to American Football League championships in 1964 and 1965. Despite his relatively small stature, Kemp was an effective quarterback and a strong team leader.

      He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1970, representing suburban Buffalo, N.Y., for nine terms. An articulate and passionate defender of conservative causes, Kemp supported the Vietnam War, advocated high levels of defense spending, championed low tax rates, and opposed abortion rights. At the same time, he was a strong supporter of civil-rights legislation and sought to use tax incentives to encourage economic development in poor urban areas, calling himself a “bleeding-heart conservative.” During the mid-1970s Kemp was heavily influenced by the supply-side economist Arthur Laffer (Laffer, Arthur B.); he played a prominent role in Ronald Reagan's 1980 presidential campaign and cosponsored the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, which sharply reduced taxes on individuals and businesses.

      After a failed presidential bid in 1988, Kemp was appointed secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the administration of President George Bush. He restored public trust to the scandal-tainted department and continued to work for urban revitalization through targeted tax reductions, but he largely failed in his efforts to implement his ambitious initiatives. Upon leaving the government, Kemp was a sought-after speaker on the lecture circuit. In 1996 he was selected by Robert Dole as the Republican Party's vice presidential nominee.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kemp, Jack French — ▪ 1997       U.S. veteran politician Jack Kemp stepped into the limelight on Aug. 10, 1996, when Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole (q.v.) announced that Kemp would be his running mate. Kemp had squared off against Dole in the 1988… …   Universalium

  • Kemp, Jack (French) — born July 13, 1935, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. U.S. politician. He played professional gridiron football with the Buffalo (N.Y.) Bills. As a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1971–89), he championed conservative causes but… …   Universalium

  • Kemp, Jack (French) — (n. 13 jul. 1935, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.). Político estadounidense. Fue jugador profesional de fútbol americano con los Buffalo (N.Y.) Bills. Como miembro republicano de la Cámara de Representantes (1971–89), defendió causas conservadoras,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jack Kemp — Jack Kemp. Jack French Kemp (13 de julio de 1935 2 de mayo de 2009) fue un político estadounidense y antiguo jugador profesional de fútbol americano. Congresista por Nueva York (1971 1989) y candidato del Partido Republicano a la Vicepresidencia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jack Kemp — Jack French Kemp Jr. (* 13. Juli 1935 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien; † 2. Mai 2009 in Bethesda, Maryland) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und American Football Spieler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jack F. Kemp — Jack Kemp Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kemp. Jack Kemp en 2007 Jack French Kemp (né le 13 juillet  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jack Kemp — Infobox Officeholder name = Jack Kemp, Jr. imagesize = 200px small caption = order = 1996 Republican Vice Presidential nominee term start =August 16, 1996 term end =November 5, 1996 runningmate = Bob Dole opponent = Bill Clinton/Al Gore… …   Wikipedia

  • Jack Kemp — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kemp. Jack Kemp en 2007 Jack French Kemp (né le 13 juillet 1935 à Los Angeles …   Wikipédia en Français

  • jack — jack1 /jak/, n. 1. any of various portable devices for raising or lifting heavy objects short heights, using various mechanical, pneumatic, or hydraulic methods. 2. Also called knave. Cards. a playing card bearing the picture of a soldier or… …   Universalium

  • Jack — /jak/, n. a male given name, form of Jacob or John. * * * I Any of more than 150 species of fishes (family Carangidae, order Perciformes) found in temperate and tropical portions of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and occasionally in… …   Universalium

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