Kemble, Fanny

Kemble, Fanny

▪ British actress
in full  Frances Ann Kemble 
born Nov. 27, 1809, London, Eng.
died Jan. 15, 1893, London
 popular English actress who is also remembered as the author of plays, poems, and reminiscences, the latter containing much information about the stage and social history of the 19th century.

      Kemble was the eldest daughter of actors Charles Kemble (Kemble, Charles) and Maria Theresa De Camp (Kemble, Maria Theresa), and the niece of two of the most distinguished English actors of the later 18th century, John Philip Kemble (Kemble, John Philip) and his sister Sarah Siddons (Siddons, Sarah). In order to save her father from bankruptcy, Fanny Kemble made her debut in his company at Covent Garden in London in October 1829, playing Juliet. Her success was instantaneous, and she was able to recoup the family's and indeed the theatre's fortunes, at least for a time. She was an even greater success in 1830 in The Hunchback, which Sheridan Knowles wrote for her. However great her successes, she disliked both acting and the theatrical profession, taking to the stage only when she needed money.

      In 1832 she went with her father to the United States and enjoyed immediate success from her debut in Fazio in New York. She subsequently appeared also in The Hunchback and as Juliet to her father's Romeo. She toured for two years, winning universal acclaim; her appearance in Washington, D.C., enraptured the likes of orator-politician Daniel Webster and Chief Justice John Marshall. In June 1834 she married Pierce Butler, a Philadelphian who was also a Georgia planter, and retired from the stage. She was shocked and disturbed to see at first hand the plantation that was the source of her husband's wealth, and as she learned more about the institution of slavery she drew away from her husband, from the South, and finally from the United States.

 The discovery of Butler's infidelity led to her return to London in 1846. After a year in Rome she reluctantly returned to the stage, playing for a time opposite William Macready (Macready, William Charles). In 1848 she happily abandoned acting for public readings from Shakespeare, a far more congenial task. In 1849, the year her husband was granted a divorce on grounds of abandonment, she returned to America and established herself in a cottage in Lenox, Massachusetts. (During this period of her newfound freedom she is credited with having been one of the first to wear the costume later famous as “ bloomers.”) She continued to give successful readings until 1862, when she returned again to England.

      Kemble wrote several plays and published a volume of poems (1844), Notes on Some of Shakespeare's Plays (1882), and several volumes of reminiscence, including A Year of Consolation (1847), Record of a Girlhood (1878), Records of Later Life (1882), and Further Records, 1848–1883 (1890). Her most lasting work was her Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation (1863), which was adapted from her diary of 1838–39 and issued during the Civil War to influence British opinion against slavery. Kemble returned to England in 1877 and lived in London until her death.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fanny Kemble — par Thomas Sully, 1834. Frances Anne Kemble (27 novembre 1809 15 janvier 1893) est une actrice et femme de lettres anglaise. Issue d’une famille d acteurs de théâtre renommée, elle rencontra d abord le succès à Londres avant d épouser en 1834 un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fanny Kemble — [Fanny Kemble] (1809–93) an English actor who was famous for playing parts in Shakespeare plays. She was also known for her opposition to ↑slavery in the US, where she lived for a time as the wife of a US farmer. Her aunt was Mrs Siddons …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fanny Kemble — This article refers an actress. For other uses of the proper noun Kemble see the disambiguation page entitled Kemble. Frances Anne Kemble (27 November 1809 15 January 1893), was a famous British actress and author in the early and mid nineteenth… …   Wikipedia

  • Kemble — may refer to:* Charles Kemble, 1775 1854, British actor * Edwin C. Kemble, 1889 1984, American physicist * Fanny Kemble, 1809 1893, English actress who became a writer an anti slavery activist * Gouverneur Kemble, 1786 1875, American ironmaster*… …   Wikipedia

  • Kemble family — Kemble is the name of a family of English actors, of whom the most famous were Sarah Siddons (1755 1831) and her brother John Philip Kemble (1757 1823), the two eldest of the twelve children of Roger Kemble (1721 1802), a strolling player and… …   Wikipedia

  • Fanny — or Fannie is a given name mdash;a pet form of Frances ;People: * Fanny (artist), alias of breakcore artist Fraser Runciman. * Fanny (band) was a 1970s all women rock band led by June Millington. * Fanny (Guilty Gear), a fictional character in the …   Wikipedia

  • Kemble — (spr. kemmbl), 1) John Philip, engl. Schauspieler, geb. 1. Febr. 1757 zu Preston in Lancashire als Sohn des Schauspielers Roger K. (gest. 1802), gest. 26. Febr. 1823 in Lausanne, betrat 1776 die Bühne in Wolverhampton und spielte dann mit immer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kemble —   [ kembl],    1) Charles, englischer Schauspieler, * Brecon (Wales) 25. 11. 1775, ✝ London 12. 11. 1854, Bruder von 2); Sohn von Roger Kemble (* 1721, ✝ 1802), dem Begründer der Schauspielerfamilie Kemble; gab 1794 sein Bühnendebüt in London;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fanny Kemble — ➡ Kemble * * * …   Universalium

  • Kemble — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Lieux Kemble est un village du Gloucestershire, en Angleterre. Personnes La famille Kemble est une famille d acteurs britannique : Roger Kemble (1721 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”