Karli

Karli

India
      village, western Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, west-central India. It is situated about 30 miles (50 km) northwest of Pune and is noted for its rock-cut chaitya, or Buddhist sanctuary. The chaitya is of the normal apsidal plan, 124 feet (38 metres) long, 46.5 feet (14 metres) wide, and about 45 feet (13.5 metres) to the crown of its teak-ribbed vault. Dedicated in the first quarter of the 2nd century CE, it is the largest and most elaborate of the cave temples of the Theravada (Hinayana) school of Buddhism. Karli differs from earlier chaityas in that its entrance screen—other than the teakwood lotus window—is of stone; the nave columns are elaborated with vase bases and campaniform capitals crowned with groups of figures riding elephants. The effect is at once simple and grand, and it marks the apex of the early period of rock art in western India. The entrance-screen reliefs, depictions of Buddha, date from the sanctuary's conversion to the Mahayana school, probably in the 6th century CE.

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Universalium. 2010.

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