Jenkins, Roy, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead

Jenkins, Roy, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead

▪ British politician
in full  Roy Harris Jenkins  
born November 11, 1920, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, England
died January 5, 2003, East Hendred, Oxfordshire
 British politician, a strong supporter of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Community. Formerly a Labourite, he was the first leader of the Social Democratic Party (1982–83) and later was leader of the Social and Liberal Democratic Peers (1988–98).

      Educated at Balliol College, Oxford, from which he graduated in 1941, Jenkins served in the Royal Artillery in World War II and first entered Parliament in 1948. He could claim family roots in the Labour movement; his father had been a miners' union official, a member of Parliament, and parliamentary private secretary to the Labourite prime minister Clement Attlee. Jenkins at one time considered giving up politics for writing, but, in the formation of the 1964 government of Harold Wilson, he joined the cabinet as air minister (1964–65); he then became home secretary (1965–67) and chancellor of the Exchequer (1967–70). In 1972 he resigned from the Labour Party in protest of its decision to support a referendum on whether Britain should remain in the Common Market. He reentered the shadow cabinet in 1973 as shadow home secretary and became home secretary after Labour's victory in 1974. In 1976 he resigned from the cabinet and Parliament to become president of the executive branch of the European Community, and he remained in that post until 1981. In 1981 he and other dissidents from the increasingly leftist Labour Party formed the Social Democratic Party, of which he was briefly leader. In 1987 he accepted a life peerage and moved from the House of Commons to the House of Lords, where he was a leader of the new Social and Liberal Democratic Party (Liberal Democrats). He subsequently became chancellor of the University of Oxford (1987–2003). In 1993 Jenkins was elected to the Order of Merit.

      Jenkins wrote numerous books, including biographies such as Asquith: Portrait of a Man and an Era (1964), Baldwin (1987), Gladstone (1995), and Churchill (2001), and political works such as Mr. Balfour's Poodle: Peers vs. People (1954), The Labour Case (1959), and Afternoon on the Potomac?: A British View of America's Changing Position in the World (1972). A Life at the Centre: Memoirs of a Radical Reformer (1991) recounts Jenkins's own political career.

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  • Baron Jenkins of Hillhead — Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead OM, PC (* 11. November 1920 in Abersychan, heute zu Pontypool, Wales; † 5. Januar 2003 in East Hendred, Oxfordshire) war ein sozialdemokratischer britischer Politiker und Autor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jenkins (of Hillhead), Roy (Harris) Jenkins, Baron — born Nov. 11, 1920, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, Eng. died Jan. 5, 2003, Oxfordshire British politician. Elected to Parliament in 1948, he served in Labour Party governments (1964–70, 1974–76). A strong supporter of NATO and the European Community …   Universalium

  • Jenkins (de Hillhead), Roy (Harris) Jenkins, barón — (11 nov. 1920, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, Inglaterra–5 ene. 2003, Oxfordshire). Político británico. Elegido al parlamento en 1948, participó en gobiernos laboristas (1964–70, 1974–76). Fuerte partidario de la OTAN y de la Comunidad Europea, fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Roy Jenkins — Roy Jenkins, the Chancellor of Oxford Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead OM, PC (* 11. November 1920 in Abersychan, heute zu Pontypool, Wales; † 5. Januar 2003 in East Hendred, Oxfordshire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roy Jenkins — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roy Harris Jenkins, Barón Jenkins of Hillhead (Abersychan, 11 de noviembre de 1920 Oxfordshire, 5 de enero de 2003) fue un político británico, miembro del Partido Laborista y ministro en diversas ocasiones durante la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jenkins —   [ dʒeȖkɪnz],    1) Leroy, amerikanischer Jazzmusiker (Violinist, Komponist), * Chicago (Illinois) 11. 3. 1932; gründete 1971 mit dem Bassisten Sirone und dem Perkussionisten Jerome Cooper das »Revolutionary Ensemble«. Jenkins, der seine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Roy Jenkins — Infobox Politician honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name = Roy Jenkins honorific suffix = Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, CH, CBE, PC birth date = 11 November 1920 birth place = Abersychan, Monmouthshire, Wales, UK death date = Death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Roy Jenkins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jenkins. Roy Harris Jenkins Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

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