- Jeffers, Robinson
▪ American poetborn Jan. 10, 1887, Pittsburghdied Jan. 20, 1962, Carmel, Calif., U.S.one of the most controversial U.S. poets of the 20th century, for whom all things except his pantheistically conceived God are transient, and human life is viewed as a frantic, often contemptible struggle within a net of passions.Educated in English literature, medicine, and forestry, Jeffers inherited money that allowed him to write his poetry. His third book, Tamar and Other Poems (1924), which brought him immediate fame, revealed the unique style and eccentric ideas developed in such later volumes as Cawdor (1928), Thurso's Landing (1932), and Be Angry at the Sun (1941). The shorter lyrics as well as his sprawling narrative poems celebrate the coastal scenery near Carmel, where Jeffers and his wife moved in 1916. He made a brilliant adaptation of Euripides' Medea (produced in 1946).Additional ReadingMelba Berry Bennett, The Stone Mason of Tor House (1966); and James Karman, Robinson Jeffers, rev. ed. (1995), are biographies. Critical studies include James Karman (ed.), Critical Essays on Robinson Jeffers (1990); and Robert Brophy (ed.), Robinson Jeffers: Dimensions of a Poet (1995).
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