Jebb, John

Jebb, John

▪ British religious and social reformer
born Feb. 16, 1736, Ireland
died March 2, 1786, London, Eng.

      British political, religious, and social reformer who championed humanitarian and constitutional causes far in advance of his time.

      Educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and Peterhouse, Cambridge, he was ordained in 1763 and thereafter lectured on mathematics at Cambridge. His lectures on the Greek New Testament, begun in 1768, became controversial when he developed Unitarian views. His religious differences subsequently broadened to include opposition to mandatory clerical and university subscription to the Thirty-nine Articles and the Anglican liturgy and support for rational religion and religious toleration. His proposals in 1773–74 for annual public examinations of undergraduates were narrowly rejected at Cambridge. Following the resignation of his ecclesiastical livings on conscientious grounds in 1775, Jebb studied medicine, receiving the M.D. from St. Andrews and membership in the London College of Physicians in 1777.

      In politics Jebb advocated a reform program that embraced universal suffrage, the secret ballot, equal single-member constituencies, and salaries but no property qualifications for members of Parliament. He began working actively for political reform in 1779, joining the Westminster Committee and helping establish the Society for Constitutional Information in 1780. His concern for prison reform is reflected in his Thoughts on the Construction and Polity of Prisons (1786). Jebb also championed the use of juries in libel cases, female equality, and medical education for laymen.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Jebb (1736–1786) — John Jebb (1736 1786) was an English divine, medical doctor, and religious and political reformer.He was educated at Cambridge University, where he was elected fellow of Peterhouse in 1761, having previously been Second Wrangler. He was a man of… …   Wikipedia

  • Jebb — Jebb, a surname, may refer to:*John Jebb (1736–1786), British religious leader, physician, activist *Ann Jebb (1735–1812), British activist writer *John Jebb (1775 1833), Irish religious leader writer *Joshua Jebb (1793 1863), British soldier… …   Wikipedia

  • John Jebb — may refer to:*John Jebb (1736 1786), English clergyman and doctor *John Jebb (1775 1833), bishop of Limerick …   Wikipedia

  • John Jebb (1775-1833) — John Jebb (7 September 1775 9 December 1833) was an Irish churchman and writer.BiographyHe was born in Drogheda and educated at the Free Grammar School, Derry and Trinity College Dublin. Ordained in 1799, he became curate in Mogorbane, County… …   Wikipedia

  • John Alexander Fladgate — w, 1809, was born in London on 1 January, 1809, and christened in the church of St. Giles in the Fields. [Transcript of the original records filmed by the Geneological Society of Utah and available at http://www.familysearch.com] He married… …   Wikipedia

  • John Adams — This article is about the politician and second president of the United States. For his son, the 6th president of the United States, see John Quincy Adams. For other uses, see John Adams (disambiguation). John Adams …   Wikipedia

  • John Milton — For other people named John Milton, see John Milton (disambiguation). John Milton Portrait of John Milton in National Portrait Gallery, London c. 1629. Unknown artist (detail) Born 9 December 1608(1608 12 09) Bread Street …   Wikipedia

  • Ann Jebb — [née Torkington] (1735–1812), political reformer and radical writer, was born at Ripton Kings, Huntingdonshire, to Lady Dorothy Sherard and the Revd James Torkington. She grew up in Huntingdonshire and was probably educated at home. She married… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierson John Dixon — Sir Pierson John Dixon GCMG, CB (* 13. November 1904; † 22. April 1965) war ein britischer Diplomat. Leben Bob Dixon war der Sohn von Pierson John Dixon. Er studierte an der Bedford School und Pembroke College, Cambridge. Von 1943 bis 1948 war er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Composition for Tithes (Ireland) Act 1823 — Saul church, an important part of the Church of Ireland, is built on the reputed spot of the first church in Ireland. The Composition for Tithes Act of 1823, also known as the Tithe Composition Act, was an act of the British Parliament requiring… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”