International Refugee Organization

International Refugee Organization

▪ historical UN agency
      (IRO), temporary specialized agency of the United Nations that, between its formal establishment in 1946 and its termination in January 1952, assisted refugees (refugee) and displaced persons in many countries of Europe and Asia who either could not return to their countries of origin or were unwilling to return for political reasons. Beginning operations on July 1, 1947, the IRO took over the work of its principal predecessor organization, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. Among the services supplied by the IRO were the care and maintenance of refugees in camps, vocational training, orientation for resettlement, and an extensive tracing service to find lost relatives. It also assumed the responsibilities for the legal protection and resettlement of refugees previously carried out by the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees. It was succeeded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Office of the) (q.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • International Refugee Organization —   [ɪntə næʃnl refjuː dʒiː ɔːgənaɪ zeɪʃn], Abkürzung IRO [aɪɑː əʊ], Internationale Flüchtlingsorganisation …   Universal-Lexikon

  • International Refugee Organization — The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded on August 20, 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. A Preparatory Commission began operations fourteen months previously. It was a United Nations… …   Wikipedia

  • International Refugee Organization — Die International Refugee Organization (IRO) war eine Behörde der Vereinten Nationen, die 1946 als Nachfolgeorganisation der United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) eingerichtet wurde. Sie war verantwortlich für die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • International Refugee Organization — An organization functioning under the United Nations Charter. International Refugee Organization v Republic S.S. Corp. (CA4) 189 F2d 858 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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  • International Refugee Organization — U.N. agency that seeks to aid refugees and displaced people, IRO …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Refugee Organization — See International Refugee Organization …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • International Refugee Organization (IRO) — Temporary specialized agency of the United Nations system (1946–52). The IRO assisted refugees and displaced persons in Europe and Asia who could not or would not return home after World War II. Taking over the work of its principal predecessor,… …   Universalium

  • Refugee — According to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, a refugee is a person who owing to a well founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political… …   Wikipedia

  • refugee — refugeeism, n. /ref yoo jee , ref yoo jee /, n. 1. a person who flees for refuge or safety, esp. to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war, etc. 2. See political refugee. [1675 85; < F réfugié, ptp. of réfugier to take refuge.… …   Universalium

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