Imperial Chemical Industries PLC

Imperial Chemical Industries PLC

▪ British corporation

      major British corporation that was founded in 1926 as Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. to amalgamate four major British chemical companies: Brunner, Mond & Co. Ltd., Nobel Industries Ltd., United Alkali Company Ltd., and British Dyestuffs Corporation Ltd. Between World Wars I and II, ICI was a major competitor of Germany's IG Farben, the cartel formed in 1925 (and dissolved by the Allies after World War II). By the late 1970s, ICI ranked below all three successors to IG Farben (Hoechst, BASF, and Bayer corporations) in terms of sales but was still the largest chemical concern in the United Kingdom. ICI's headquarters are in London.

      ICI's constituent companies in 1926 produced chemicals, dyes, explosives, fertilizers, fibres, nonferrous metals, and paints, and the group went on to produce a wider range of chemicals, paints, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibres (especially polyesters and nylon), and plastics. In 1993 ICI split off its drug, pesticide, and specialty chemical concerns into a new corporation named Zeneca Group PLC. The parent company continued to produce industrial polymers and other chemicals, paints, and explosives. In 1997 ICI bought the specialty chemicals business of Unilever.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Imperial Chemical Industries PLC —   [ɪm pɪərɪəl kemɪkl ɪndəstrɪz ], Abkürzung ICI [aɪsi aɪ], britischer Chemiekonzern, gegründet 1926 (als Gegengewicht zur I. G. Farbenindustrie AG); Sitz: London; Umsatz (2000): 6,42 Mrd. £, Beschäftigte: rd. 45 000 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Imperial Chemical Industries PLC (ICI) — Major British chemical corporation. It was founded in 1926 as Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. to amalgamate four major British chemical companies. Between World Wars I and II, ICI was a major competitor of IG Farben. Today it produces… …   Universalium

  • Imperial Chemical Industries PLC (ICI) — Gran empresa química británica. Fue fundada en 1926 con la razón social Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. para amalgamar cuatro importantes compañías químicas británicas. Entre la Primera y la segunda guerra mundial, ICI era una significativa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Imperial Chemical Industries — plc Création 1926 Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Imperial Chemical Industries — Infobox Company company name = Imperial Chemical Industries company company type = Subsidiary foundation = 1926 location = Slough, England, UK key people = Peter Ellwood (Chairman) John McAdam (CEO) industry = Chemicals products = Paints… …   Wikipedia

  • PLC — Estas siglas pueden tener dos significados: 1. Programmable logic controller o Controlador lógico programable. 2. P ower L ine C ommunications o comunicaciones utilizando las líneas eléctricas. * * * (as used in expressions) BP PLC British… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PLC — Brit. public limited company. * * * (as used in expressions) Guinness PLC Imperial Chemical Industries PLC Rolls Royce PLC BP PLC British Petroleum Co. PLC British American Tobacco PLC B.A.T Industries PLC 1976–98 * * * …   Universalium

  • chemical — chemically, adv. /kem i keuhl/, n. 1. a substance produced by or used in a chemical process. 2. chemicals, Slang. narcotic or mind altering drugs or substances. adj. 3. of, used in, produced by, or concerned with chemistry or chemicals: a… …   Universalium

  • imperial — imperial1 imperially, adv. imperialness, n. /im pear ee euhl/, adj. 1. of, like, or pertaining to an empire. 2. of, like, or pertaining to an emperor or empress. 3. characterizing the rule or authority of a sovereign state over its dependencies.… …   Universalium

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