Ibn Falaquera

Ibn Falaquera

▪ Jewish philosopher
in full  Shemtob Ben Joseph Ibn Falaquera, Falaquera  also spelled  Palquera 
born c. 1225
died c. 1295

      Spanish-born Jewish philosopher and translator who propagated a reconciliation between Jewish Orthodoxy and philosophy and defended Maimonides' (Maimonides, Moses) Guide of the Perplexed against the attacks of the traditionalists.

      His numerous works include Dialogue Between a Philosopher and a Man of Piety; an ethical treatise known as The Balm of Sorrow; an introduction to the study of the sciences entitled Reshit ḥokhma (“The Beginning of Wisdom”), which reproduces al-Farabi's Aims of the Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle and which was translated into Latin at the end of the 15th century; Sefer ha-maʿalot (“Book of Degrees”), which advocates the Neoplatonic ideal of the contemplative life; a commentary on Maimonides' Guide under the title More ha-more (“Guide of the Guide”); and an abstract of Ibn Gabirol's influential Fons vitae in Hebrew.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Falaquera, Shemtov ben Joseph (Ibn Falaquera) — (c. 1225 95)    Philosophical author. Born in Spain, he lived there and in the border provinces of Spain and France. His writings include a defence of Maimonides Guide for the Preplexed, a compi lation of ethical aphorisms, an introduction to the …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Schem-Tov ibn Falaquera — Schem Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera (* 1225; † um 1295), auch Palquera geschrieben (hebräisch: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) war ein (vermutlich) spanischer Philosoph und Dichter. Er war in arabischer und griechischer Philosophie geschult. Einerseits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shem-Tov ibn Falaquera — Schem Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera (* 1225; † um 1295), auch Palquera geschrieben (hebräisch: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) war ein (vermutlich) spanischer Philosoph und Dichter. Er war in arabischer und griechischer Philosophie geschult. Einerseits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shem-Tov ibn Falaquera — Shem Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera, also spelled Palquera (1225 ndash; c. 1290) (Hebrew: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) was a Spanish philosopher and poet. He was well versed in Arabic and Greek philosophy, and had a fine critical sense. Falaquera… …   Wikipedia

  • Schem Tov ibn Falaquera — Schem Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera (* 1225; † um 1295), auch Palquera geschrieben (hebräisch: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) war ein (vermutlich) spanischer Philosoph und Dichter. Er war in arabischer und griechischer Philosophie geschult. Einerseits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FALAQUERA, SHEM TOV BEN JOSEPH IBN — (1223/8–after 1290), philosopher, translator, commentator, poet, and encyclopedist. Falaquera was born in Spain between 1223 and 1228; his last known work refers to events in 1290. Various etymologies have been suggested for his name, which was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FALAQUERA — (also Falaguera, Falaquero, Palquera), family in Spain; one of the most aristocratic and wealthy families of the Jewish community of tudela . The Falaqueras ranked among the great of the community, i.e., the eight families in whose hands the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Falaquera — Schem Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera (* 1225; † um 1295), auch Palquera geschrieben (hebräisch: שם טוב בן יוסף אבן פלקירה) war ein (vermutlich) spanischer Philosoph und Dichter. Er war in arabischer und griechischer Philosophie geschult. Einerseits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibn Gabirol — Solomon ben Jehuda ibn Gabirol, kurz Solomon (Salomo) ibn Gabirol (* 1021 oder 1022 in Málaga; † um 1057 in Valencia) war ein jüdischer Philosoph und Dichter im muslimischen Spanien (al Andalus). In der lateinischsprachigen christlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FALAQUERA, NATHAN BEN JOEL — (late 13th century), Spanish physician. He may be identical with Nathan of Montpellier, the teacher of the anonymous author of Sefer ha Yashar. Falaquera is the author of a book on medicine, Ẓori ha Guf ( Balm for the Body ), written in Hebrew;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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