Holy Lance

Holy Lance

      a relic discovered in June 1098 during the First Crusade by Christian crusaders at Antioch, in Syria. It was said to be the lance that pierced the side of Christ at the crucifixion. The recovery of the relic inspired the crusaders to take the offensive against the Muslims, routing them in battle and securing Christian possession of Antioch. Disputes about the authenticity of the lance, however, caused internal dissension among the crusaders, and its discoverer, Peter Bartholomew, was eventually discredited.

      Peter was a peasant who claimed that St. Andrew had appeared to him in a series of visions and revealed the location of the lance. He informed the leaders of the First Crusade of his visions, and though Bishop Adhémar of (Adhémar of Monteil) Le Puy was skeptical of their authenticity, Count Raymond of (Raymond IV) Toulouse was impressed and commanded that a solemn search be conducted for the lance. Peter led them to the Cathedral of St. Peter in Antioch and indicated where the lance would be located. After a day of fruitless digging, he leaped into the hole and produced a piece of iron that was assumed to be the relic. Most of the crusaders accepted its authenticity and carried the lance with them into battle against the Muslims.

      After the recovery of the lance, Peter claimed that St. Andrew reappeared to him at various times, giving him instructions for the prosecution of the crusade. With the proliferation of Peter's visions and his attacks on the memory of Bishop Adhémar (died 1098)—who had never believed Peter's claims—people began to doubt the visions and challenged the authenticity of the Holy Lance.

      When Peter submitted himself to an ordeal by fire to test the validity of his claims, he was fatally burned, and the Holy Lance was discredited. Raymond of Toulouse's prestige suffered as a consequence of his acceptance of Peter's visions.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holy Lance — The Holy Lance (also known as the Spear of Destiny, Holy Spear, Lance of Longinus, Spear of Longinus or Spear of Christ) is the name given to the lance that pierced Jesus s side in John s account of the crucifixion.Biblical referencesThe lance is …   Wikipedia

  • The Holy Lance —     The Holy Lance     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Holy Lance     We read in the Gospel of St. John (xix, 34), that, after our Saviour s death, one of the soldiers with a spear [lancea] opened his side and immediately there came out blood and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Holy Roman Empire — Holy Roman Empire[1] Imperium Romanum Sacrum Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation Sacro Romano Impero …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Sponge — The Holy Sponge is one of the Instruments of the Passion. It was dipped in vinegar (or in some translations sour wine) and offered to Christ to drink during the Crucifixion, according to Matthew 27:48; Mark 15:36; and John 19:29. An object that… …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Chalice — This article is about the Christian relic. For the legendary object referred to in medieval and modern stories, see Holy Grail …   Wikipedia

  • Lance Sieveking — (b. March 19, 1896, d. January 6, 1972) was an English writer and pioneer BBC radio and television producer. He was married three times, and was father to archaeologist Gale Sieveking (1925 2007) and Fortean writer Paul Sieveking (1949 ). [ [http …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Wood — (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) Traduction terminée Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holy Wood (In The Shadow Of The Valley Of Death) — Traduction terminée Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holy wood (in the shadow of the valley of death) — Traduction terminée Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) — Album par Marilyn Manson Sortie 14 novembre 2000 Enregistrement  ??? Durée 68:19 Genre Metal alternatif …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”