Hiri Motu

Hiri Motu

also called  Police Motu,  Pidgin Motu,  or  Hiri 

       pidgin variety of vernacular Motu, an Austronesian language (Austronesian languages) originally spoken in the area surrounding Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea. The name Hiri Motu may have been adopted because of a now-disputed association with hiris, precolonial trade voyages on the Gulf of Papua between Motu people and other ethnic groups. Hiri Motu developed as a lingua franca in the early 20th century and appears to have been a result of attempts by the region's colonizers and their nonindigenous police agents to communicate in Motu with Papua New Guinea's indigenous peoples—hence the language's alternative name of Police Motu. Hiri Motu has since spread from the capital to inland plantations and trade centres.

      Grammatically, it is related to Tok Pisin, although Hiri Motu's constituent order in the sentence allows object–verb–subject sequences instead of a consistent subject–verb–object order, as in raisi bona kuku ia hénia inai tauna se ‘this person gives him rice and tobacco' (literally, ‘rice and tobacco he [ia] gives-it [hén-ia] this man [inai tauna] {subject marker} [se]'). Function words are often postposed to the words they modify, as in ia gáukara oi dekéna ‘he works for you' (literally, ‘he works you [oi] for [dekéna]') and pura hánaihanai ‘every week' (literally, ‘week every').

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hiri Motu — Gesprochen in Papua Neuguinea Sprecher 120.000 Zweitsprachler Linguistische Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hiri motu — Hablado en  Papúa Nueva Guinea Hablantes 120.000 Familia Pidgin del Motu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hiri Motu — Parlée en Papouasie Nouvelle Guinée Nombre de locuteurs 120 000 (seconde langue uniquement) Classification par famille pidgin et créoles pidgin hiri motou (Dérivée de la classification SIL) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hiri motu — Parlée en Papouasie Nouvelle Guinée Nombre de locuteurs 120 000 (seconde langue uniquement) Classification par famille   pidgins et créoles …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hiri motu — hȉri mȍtu m <indekl.> DEFINICIJA lingv. kreolski jezik nastao na temelju austronezijskoga jezika motu; jedan od službenih jezika Papue Nove Gvineje …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Hiri Motu — /hēˈri mōˈtoo/ noun A pidgin form of the Motu language, spoken in Papua New Guinea …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hiri Motu — /ˈhɪəri ˈmoʊtu/ (say hearree mohtooh) noun a pidgin form of the Motu language, commonly used in PNG, originally mainly by police. Also, Police Motu, Motu. {Hiri Motu hiri trading expedition + Motu} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Hiri Motu — noun an official language of Papua New Guinea. It is a pidgin based primarily on Motu …   Wiktionary

  • Hiri Motu — ISO 639 3 Code : hmo ISO 639 2/B Code : hmo ISO 639 2/T Code : hmo ISO 639 1 Code : ho Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Hiri Motu language — Infobox Language name=Hiri Motu region=Papua New Guinea speakers=120,000 (use declining since 1965) family=Pidginization of True Motu. iso1=ho iso2=hmo iso3=hmo familycolor=Creole nation=Papua New GuineaHiri Motu, Police Motu or Pidgin Motu is an …   Wikipedia

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