Hida Range

Hida Range

Japanese  Hida-sammyaku,  
 mountain group in the Chūbu chihō (region) of central Honshu, Japan. The range stretches from north to south along the borders of Toyama, Niigata, Nagano, and Gifu ken (prefectures). With the Kiso and Akaishi ranges, it constitutes the Central Mountain Knot of Japan. The Hida Range was first referred to as the Japanese Alps in the late 19th century; the term now usually includes all three ranges, the Hida Range being known as the Northern Alps.

      The mountains chiefly consist of granite pierced through by crystalline rocks containing feldspar. Recent volcanoes, including Mount Norikura (9,928 feet [3,026 m]) and Mount Ontake (Ontake, Mount) (10,049 feet [3,063 m]), rest upon the granitic foundation. The Hida Range as a whole is characterized by rugged landforms dissected by deep river gorges. The highest peaks are found near the centre of the range, where Mount Yariga rises to 10,433 feet (3,180 m) and Mount Hotaka to 10,466 feet (3,190 m). Cirques (deep, steep-walled basins) and moraines (glacial deposits of earth and stones) occur in the higher levels of several major peaks.

      The eastern margin of the range is marked by a bold fault scarp that descends abruptly to the lowlands of the Fossa Magna, the great fissure that traverses central Honshu from the Pacific to the Sea of Japan. The northern end of the mountains also terminates in a precipitous cliff at the Sea of Japan, but the descent to the west is more gradual, merging into the Hida Highlands.

      The Hida Range is almost totally included in Chūbu Sangaku National Park. It is well known as a centre of mountaineering and skiing. Several of the mountains' rivers, such as the Ōtaki and the Kurobe, have been harnessed for the production of hydroelectric power.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hida Mountains — Geobox|Mountain Range name = Hida Mountains (飛騨山脈) native name = other name = Northern Alps (北アルプス) other name1 = image size = image caption = Mount Shirouma etymology = country = Japan state = Gifu state1 = Nagano state type = Prefectures unit …   Wikipedia

  • Hida Minzoku Mura Folk Village — nihongo|Hida Folk Village|飛騨民俗村|Hida Minzoku Mura is an open air museum of close to 30 old farmhouses illustrating the traditional architectural styles of the mountainous regions of Japan. The Hida Folk Village (飛騨の郷 Hida no Sato ) is located… …   Wikipedia

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Japanese Alps — ▪ mountains, Japan Japanese  Nihon (or Nippon) Arupusu        mountains, central Honshu, Japan. The term Japanese Alps was first applied to the Hida Range in the late 19th century but now also includes the Kiso and Akaishi ranges to the south.… …   Universalium

  • Mount Hotaka — 穂高岳 Mount Hotaka from Tokugō tōge Elevation …   Wikipedia

  • List of Samurai Shodown characters — This is a list of characters appearing in the Samurai Shodown series. Characters included into the list are characters exclusive to the fighting games and not the spin offs or mobile games. Contents 1 3D series characters 2 Characters 2.1 Shiro… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Kasa — 笠ヶ岳 Mount Kasa from Mount Yari Ele …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Norikura — 乗鞍岳 Mount Norikura in spring from Mount Kisokoma in Kiso Mountains …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese Alps — The nihongo|Japanese Alps|日本アルプス|Nihon Arupusu is a series of mountain ranges in Japan that bisect the main island of Honshū. The name was coined by William Gowland, the Father of Japanese Archaeology, and later popularized by Reverend Walter… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”