Hicks, Sir John R.

Hicks, Sir John R.

▪ British economist
in full  Sir John Richard Hicks 
born April 8, 1904, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England
died May 20, 1989, Blockley, Gloucestershire

      English economist who made pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and, in 1972, shared (with Kenneth J. Arrow (Arrow, Kenneth J.)) the Nobel Prize for Economics. He was knighted in 1964.

      Hicks made major contributions to many areas of 20th-century economics; four, in particular, stand out. First, he showed that, contrary to what Karl Marx (Marx, Karl) had believed, labour-saving technological progress does not necessarily reduce labour's share of the income. Second, he devised a diagram—the IS-LM diagram—that graphically depicts John M. Keynes (Keynes, John Maynard)'s conclusion that an economy can be in equilibrium with less-than-full employment. Third, through his book Value and Capital (1939), Hicks showed that much of what economists believe about value theory (the theory about why goods have value) can be reached without the assumption that utility (utility and value) is measurable. Fourth, he came up with a way to judge the impact of changes in government policy. He proposed a compensation test that could compare the losses for the losers with the gains for the winners. If those who gain could, in principle, compensate those who lose—even if they do not actually and directly compensate them—then, claimed Hicks, the change in policy would be efficient.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hicks, Sir John R(ichard) — born April 8, 1904, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, Eng. died May 20, 1989, Blockley, Gloucestershire British economist. He taught at several institutions, notably the University of Oxford, and he was knighted in 1964. His classic work Value and… …   Universalium

  • Hicks, Sir John R(ichard) — (8 abr. 1904, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, Inglaterra–20 may. 1989, Blockley, Gloucestershire). Economista británico. Fue docente en varias instituciones, en particular en la Universidad de Oxford. Fue nombrado caballero en 1964. Su obra clásica …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • John Hicks — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hicks. Sir John Richard Hicks (8 avril, 1904 20 mai, 1989) économiste britannique et colauréat, avec Kenneth Arrow du « prix Nobel » d économie en 1972, est l un des économistes les plus importants et influents… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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