helleborine

helleborine

plant
      any member of either of two similar genera of orchids (family Orchidaceae): Cephalanthera, with about 14 north-temperate species, and Epipactis, with about 21 species native to north-temperate areas, tropical Africa, and Mexico. Epipactis has small, stalked flowers borne drooping on a flexible spike. Cephalanthera has larger, white or bright pink flowers that have no stalks and are held erect. Plants of both genera usually have tall, thin stems and crinkled leaves.

      The most common British species of Cephalanthera is large white helleborine (C. damasonium). It has many long, thick roots. The petals are borne close together, giving the flower a closed appearance. Large white helleborine is self-pollinating and does not require the action of an insect as do other Cephalanthera and Epipactis species. Dune helleborine (Epipactis dunensis) grows along the sandy coasts of Great Britain and northwestern Europe. Marsh helleborine (E. palustris) is found in marshes and wet places throughout Europe. Broad-leaved helleborine (E. helleborine) is a common species in Europe and temperate Asia and has been introduced into the eastern United States. Its flowers are green, whitish green, or reddish purple.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Helleborine — is the common name for a number of species of orchid. It does not correspond to any currently used taxonomic category. Some of the plants called helleborines are classified in the genus Epipactis , some in genus Cephalanthera . A genus… …   Wikipedia

  • helleborine — n. any orchid of the genus Epipactis or Cephalanthera. Etymology: F or L helleborine or L f. Gk helleborine plant like hellebore (as HELLEBORE) …   Useful english dictionary

  • helleborine — [ hɛlɪbəˌri:n, ˌrʌɪn] noun an orchid with greenish, white, or pink flowers, occurring chiefly in woodland. [Genera Epipactis and Cephalanthera.] Origin C16: Fr. or L., from Gk helleborinē, a plant like hellebore, from helleboros hellebore …   English new terms dictionary

  • Helleborine des marais — Épipactis des marais Épipactis des marais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HELLÉBORINE — s. f. Voyez ELLÉBORINE …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • helleborine — noun Any of a number of species of orchid of the genera Epipactis and Cephalanthera. See Also: hellebore …   Wiktionary

  • helléborine — (èl lé bo ri n ) s. f. Voy. elléborine …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • helleborine — n. medicinal substance extracted from the roots of certain hellebores (type of plant) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • helleborine — hel·lebo·rine …   English syllables

  • Epipactis helleborine —   Heleborina de hojas anchas …   Wikipedia Español

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