Hedin, Sven Anders

Hedin, Sven Anders

▪ Swedish explorer
born February 19, 1865, Stockholm, Sweden
died November 26, 1952, Stockholm

      Swedish explorer, who led through Central Asia a series of expeditions that resulted in important archaeological and geographical findings.

      Travels in the Caucasus, Persia, and Mesopotamia when he was 20 and an appointment as an interpreter for the Swedish-Norwegian mission to Nāser al-Dīn, shah of Iran (1890), marked the beginning of Hedin's life of exploration. In 1891 he visited Khorāsān (northeastern Persia) and Russian Turkestan, and between 1893 and 1898 he crossed Asia to Beijing by way of the Urals, the Pamir range, and Lop Nor (Lop Lake), in western China. Following the Tarim River through western China, he explored the Gobi (desert) from 1899 to 1902. He was the first to explore the Trans-Himalaya mountain range of Tibet and to prepare a detailed map of the country (1905–08).

      Hedin's pro-German sympathies during World War I cost him influential friends and the trust of the Indian, Russian, and Chinese governments. He was able, however, to initiate and conduct the important Sino-Swedish expedition of 1927–33, which located 327 archaeological sites between Manchuria and Xinjiang (westernmost China) and disclosed an extensive Stone Age culture in present-day desert and steppe areas. Signs of Old Stone Age culture were found, and artifacts from later Stone Age periods evidenced a life dependent on hunting and fishing. Agricultural implements were discovered on the China-Mongolia borderland. In 1928 Hedin solved the puzzle of the changing basins of Lop Nor (Lop Nur), which were related to the shifting lower course of the Tarim River. His many published works include Through Asia (1898), Southern Tibet (13 vol., 1917–22), My Life as an Explorer (1926), and The Silk Road (1938).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hedin — Hedin,   Sven Anders (geadelt 1902), schwedischer Asienforscher, * Stockholm 19. 2. 1865, ✝ ebenda 26. 11. 1952; war in Berlin Schüler des Geographen und Chinaforschers F. von Richthofen. Nach kürzeren Reisen (Persien, Mesopotamien, Russisch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sven von Hedin — Dr. Sven Anders Hedin KCIE (* 19. Februar 1865 in Stockholm; † 26. November 1952 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Geograph, Topograph, Entdeckungsreisender, Fotograf, Reiseschriftsteller und ein Illustrator eigener Werke. In vier Expeditionen nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sven Hedin — Sven Anders Hedin KCIE (* 19. Februar 1865 in Stockholm; † 26. November 1952 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Geograph, Topograph, Entdeckungsreisender, Fotograf, Reiseschriftsteller und ein Illustrator eigener Werke. In vier Expeditionen nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sven Hedin — De Emil Hildebrand, Sveriges historia intill tjugonde seklet, 1910 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sven Hedin — Sven Anders Hedin (February 19, 1865 November 26, 1952) was a Swedish explorer, geographer and geopolitician. His achievements include the production of the first detailed maps of vast parts of Pamir, the Taklamakan Desert, Tibet, the ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Sven Hedin — ██████████30  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hedin — /he deen /, n. Sven Anders /sven ahn deuhrdds/, 1865 1952, Swedish geographer and explorer. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hedin — /heɪˈdin/ (say hay deen) noun Sven Anders /svɛn ˈandɜs/ (say sven ahnders), 1865–1952, Swedish explorer in Asia …  

  • Hedin — /he deen /, n. Sven Anders /sven ahn deuhrdds/, 1865 1952, Swedish geographer and explorer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hedin — biographical name Sven Anders 1865 1952 Swedish explorer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”