heddle loom

heddle loom
also called  Heald Loom,  

      device used in weaving that is characterized by heddles—short lengths of wire or flat steel strips—used to deflect the warp to either side of the main sheet of fabric. The heddle is considered to be the most important single advance in the evolution of looms in general.

      Originally heddles were movable rods, but later cords, wires, or steel bands were used. They are supported by the loom's harness, and each has an eyelet through which the warp threads pass.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Heddle — A heddle is an integral part of a loom. Each thread in the warp passes through a heddle, Weaving. The Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th ed. 1911.] which is used to separate the warp threads for the passage of the weft. Heddle. The Oxford English… …   Wikipedia

  • Heddle — Hed dle, n.; pl. {Heddles}. [Cf. {Heald}.] (Weaving) One of the sets of parallel doubled threads which, with mounting, compose the harness employed to guide the warp threads to the lathe or batten in a loom. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • heddle — [hed′ l] n. [prob. (by metathesis) < ME helde < OE hefeld, weaving thread (akin to ON hafald) < base of hebban, to raise (see HEAVE) + eld, instrumental suffix] any of a series of parallel wires or cords in the harness of a loom, used… …   English World dictionary

  • Loom — For other uses, see Loom (disambiguation). Draper power loom in Lowell, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

  • loom — loom1 /loohm/, n. 1. a hand operated or power driven apparatus for weaving fabrics, containing harnesses, lay, reed, shuttles, treadles, etc. 2. the art or the process of weaving. 3. the part of an oar between the blade and the handle. v.t. 4. to …   Universalium

  • heddle — noun Etymology: probably alteration of Middle English helde, from Old English hefeld; akin to Old Norse hafald heddle, Old English hebban to lift more at heave Date: 1513 one of the sets of parallel cords or wires that with their mounting compose …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • heddle — noun A part of a loom. Each of the threads that form a warp passes through an eye in a heddle to allow control of the up and down movement of the threads …   Wiktionary

  • heddle —    The device on a loom used for raising selected warps to create space through which the weft thread can easily pass. Illustrated here is a heddle of the slot type …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • heddle — /hed l/, n. one of the sets of vertical cords or wires in a loom, forming the principal part of the harness that guides the warp threads. [1505 15; perh. repr. OE *hefedl, a metathetic var. of hefeld (ME helde, ModE heald), c. OS hevild; akin to… …   Universalium

  • heddle — [ hɛd(ə)l] noun a looped wire or cord with an eye in the centre through which a warp yarn is passed in a loom before going through the reed. Origin C16: appar. from an alt. of OE hefeld (see heald) …   English new terms dictionary

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