Hawksmoor, Nicholas

Hawksmoor, Nicholas

▪ British architect
born c. 1661, probably at East Drayton, Nottinghamshire, Eng.
died March 25, 1736, London
 English architect whose association with Sir Christopher Wren (Wren, Sir Christopher) and Sir John Vanbrugh (Vanbrugh, Sir John) long diverted critical attention from the remarkable originality of his own Baroque designs for churches and other institutional buildings.

      Hawksmoor began to work for Wren about 1679 and owed his professional advancement in part to the political influence of the elder architect. He aided Wren in building St. Paul's Cathedral (Saint Paul's Cathedral) (completed 1710) in London and Vanbrugh in constructing Castle Howard (1699–1726) in Yorkshire and Blenheim Palace (1705–25) in Oxfordshire. On Wren's death (1723), Hawksmoor became surveyor general (chief architect) of Westminster Abbey, the west towers of which were built (1734–45) to his design. Earlier (from 1692) he was responsible for various university buildings at Oxford.

      In October 1711 Hawksmoor was appointed one of two surveyors (architects) to a commission to build 50 new churches in the Cities of London (London, City of) and Westminster (Westminster, City of) and their immediate environs. In this capacity he designed, among other churches, the four on which his reputation as a Baroque genius mainly rests: St. Anne (1714–24; consecrated in 1730) in Limehouse, St. George-in-the-East (1714–29) in Wapping Stepney, Christ Church (1714–29) in Spitalfields, and St. Mary Woolnoth (1716–24) in the City of London.

      Hawksmoor knew medieval and Classical architectural principles, and he worked from them in imaginative and idiosyncratic ways. Within massive geometric solids, he created surprising details indoors, with changes from room to room, for example, and outdoors, as with unusually grouped and shaped windows or the manipulation of shadow patterns. Although in some works he made reference in details to the newly fashionable Palladianism, his importance lies in his representation of the English Baroque style.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hawksmoor, Nicholas —  (1661–1736) English architect …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Hawksmoor — Nicholas Hawksmoor (* 1661; † 1736) war ein englischer Architekt des Barock. Er gilt nach John Vanbrugh als der größte Individualist dieser Epoche. Blenheim Palace nach dem Zerwürfnis zwischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HAWKSMOOR (N.) — HAWKSMOOR NICHOLAS (1661 1736) Architecte anglais. Élève puis assistant de Wren, Nicholas Hawksmoor devint le collaborateur du mondain Vanbrugh. Il apparaît cependant comme l’une des personnalités les plus originales de la période baroque… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicholas Hawksmoor — [Nicholas Hawksmoor] (1661–1736) an English ↑architect who worked with Sir Christopher Wren on the building of many churches in London, including ↑St Paul s Cathedral. He also worked with John …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nicholas Hawksmoor — This article is about Nicholas Hawksmoor. For the novel Hawksmoor, see Hawksmoor (novel). Nicholas Hawksmoor Born c.1661 Nottinghamshire Died 25 March 1736(1736 03 25) Millbank, London Nationality English …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Hawksmoor — (* 1661; † 1736) war ein englischer Architekt des Barock. Er gilt nach John Vanbrugh als der größte Individualist dieser Epoche. Blenheim Palace nach dem Zerwürfnis zwischen John Vanbrugh und Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, hat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicholas — ist ein Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Familienname 2.2 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicholas Hawksmoor — (probablement 1661 25 mars 1736) était un architecte britannique. Il fut l élève de Christopher Wren, à qui l on doit notamment la cathédrale Saint Paul de Londres. Il conçut les tours de la façade de l abbaye de Westminster à Londres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicholas Hawksmoor — ➡ Hawksmoor * * * …   Universalium

  • Hawksmoor —   [ hɔːksmʊə], Hawksmore, Nicholas, englischer Baumeister, * East Drayton (?) (bei East Retford, County Nottinghamshire) 1661, ✝ London 24./25. 3. 1736; Schüler von C. Wren, ab etwa 1700 Mitarbeiter von J. Vanbrugh (Castle Howard, Blenheim… …   Universal-Lexikon

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