town (parish) and seaport, Tendring district,administrative and historic county of Essex, England. It occupies the tip of a small peninsula projecting into the estuary of the Rivers Stow and Orwell.

      In 885 CE Alfred the Great defeated Danish ships in a battle that took place in the harbour. Harwich's seaborne trade developed steadily, notably in the 14th century, and shipbuilding was a significant industry in the 17th century. The town's major development, however, awaited the coming of the railway—Harwich became, as an outport of London, a terminus for passenger ferries across the North Sea. The port was equipped to handle container traffic and has become a major port for trade with the European continent. Light engineering and fishing are the main industries today. The suburb of Dovercourt is a popular resort. Pop. (2001) 20,130.

      town (township), Barnstable county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies on the southern coast of Cape Cod (Cod, Cape). Named for Harwich, England, it was settled about 1655 and incorporated in 1694. Once a whaling and shipbuilding centre, its economy is now based largely on cranberry cultivation and summer tourism. Among the villages in the town are Harwich Port (Harwichport), which has a yacht basin, East Harwich, and Harwich Center. The town's old powder house, built in 1770, was used during the American Revolution. A horse track at Harwich Port, once a centre of sporting activity on Cape Cod, was destroyed by a storm in 1884. Recreational areas include Hawksnest State Park and the Herring River Conservation Area. The Brooks Academy Museum has displays on local history. Area 21 square miles (54 square km). Pop. (1990) 10,275; (2000) 12,386.

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  • Harwich — Harwich …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Harwich —   [ hærɪdʒ], Hafenstadt in der County Essex, Ostengland, auf einer Halbinsel im Mündungsbereich von Stour und Orwell, 14 200 Einwohner; einer der Hauptfährhäfen Englands, mit Verbindungen von und nach Hoek van Holland, Hamburg, Esbjerg, Göteborg… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Harwich — (spr. Haritsch), 1) Hafenstadt in der englischen Grafschaft Essex auf einer Halbinsel gegenüber der Mündung des Stour u. des Orwell in die Nordsee; Zollhaus, alte Kapelle, Freischule, geräumiger Hafen (durch das Fort Landguard vertheidigt, zwei… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Harwich — (spr. hárridsch), Seestadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Essex, liegt hoch auf der Spitze einer Landzunge vor den Mündungen des Stour und des Orwell, die beide schiffbar sind, hat den besten Hafen an der Ostküste Englands, der durch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Harwich — (spr. härrĭdsch), befestigte Seestadt in der engl. Grafsch. Essex, an der Mündung des Stour, (1901) 10.019 E., Seebad; Schiffswerften. [Karte: Großbritannien und Irland I, 12.] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Harwich — (Haritsch), engl. Hafenstadt in der Grafschaft Essex mit bedeutender Schiffswerfte, Seebädern, 15000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Harwich — infobox UK place country = England static official name= Harwich latitude= 51.9355 longitude= 1.2625 population = 15500 (Harwich and Dovercourt) shire district= Tendring shire county = Essex region= East of England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

  • Harwich — 51.9355555555561.2625 Koordinaten: 51° 56′ N, 1° 16′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harwich — 1 Original name in latin Harwich Name in other language Harwich, Harwick, Kharidzh, Kharvich, QQH, Харвич, Харидж State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.94194 latitude 1.28437 altitude 1 Population 20578 Date 2010 08 03 2… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Harwich International Port — is a North Sea seaport in Essex, England. It lies on the south bank of the River Stour one mile upstream from the town of Harwich. The port was formerly known as Parkeston Quay. History The Great Eastern Railway , which was formed from the… …   Wikipedia

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