Harald I

Harald I

▪ king of Denmark
byname  Harald Bluetooth , Danish  Harald Blåtand 
born c. 910
died c. 987, “Jumne,” Den.

      king of Denmark from c. 958? to c. 985, credited with the first unification of the country.

      He was the son of Gorm the Old, the first significant figure in a new royal line centred at Jelling (North Jutland). Harald completed the country's unification begun by his father, converted the Danes to Christianity, and conquered Norway. After Harald's Baptism (c. 960) his father's pagan tomb was transformed into a Christian place of worship with a church between two great mounds; and the newly appointed Jutland bishops, under the Archbishop of Hamburg, organized the country's conversion. The Trelleborg type of fortifications date from his reign. The expansion begun by Harald in Norway was continued by his son Sweyn I, whose war with his father marked Harald's last years. After Sweyn conquered England in 1013, his son Canute ruled over a great Anglo-Scandinavian kingdom that included parts of Sweden.

▪ king of Norway
byname  Harald Fairhair,  or  Finehair,  Norwegian  Harald Hårfager,  Old Norse  Harald Hárfagri  
born c. 860
died c. 940

      the first king to claim sovereignty over all Norway. One of the greatest of the 9th-century Scandinavian warrior chiefs, he gained effective control of Norway's western coastal districts but probably had only nominal authority in the other parts of Norway.

      The son of Halvdan the Black, ruler of part of southeastern Norway and a scion of the Yngling dynasty, the ancient royal house of Sweden, Harald succeeded his father at the age of 10. His first conquest came with the suppression of a revolt in the Uplands region. A pact with Haakon, earl of Lade, enabled him to pursue conquest of the western districts, culminating in the battle of Hafrsfjord, dated 872 by medieval historians but placed 10 to 20 years later by modern historians.

      Harald's conquests and taxation system led many chiefs and their followers to emigrate to the British Isles, adjacent lands, and perhaps to Iceland, which first became known to Scandinavians during the era of Harald's rule. He acquired wealth through his control of coastal trade but ruled indirectly through lesser chieftains in areas other than his own tightly controlled home district, in the southwest. His major governmental contribution lay in the development of provincial administrations through such chieftains.

      The most reliable information on Harald's life is contained in contemporary poems written down in Iceland in the 13th century. His career is also described in 12th- and 13th-century Icelandic and Norwegian historical works of questionable reliability, the fullest account being written by the Icelander Snorri Sturluson (d. 1241) in the Heimskringla.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Harald — or Harold is the name of several kings and lesser rulers:Kings of Denmark *Harald I of Denmark (c. 911 ndash; November 1 987), also known as Harald Bluetooth. *Harald II of Denmark *Harald III of DenmarkKings of England *Harold I of England, also …   Wikipedia

  • Harald — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 2.1 Herrscher namens Harald 2.1.1 Dänemark …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harald IV — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Harald Gille camina sobre hierros al rojo vivo para probar su ascendencia real. Dibujo de Gerhard Munthe para la Heimskringla (1899). Harald Magnusson, más conocido como Harald Gille (Irla …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harald V — de Norvège Harald V 67e roi de Norvège …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Harald IV — de Norvège Harald IV Gillechrist (Serviteur du Christ) (vers 1100 1136) roi de Norvège de 1130 à 1136. Fils d une irlandaise, il se rend aux Hébrides en 1129 puis en Norvège et se fait reconnaître après une ordalie comme le fils naturel du roi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Harald V — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Harald V Rey de Noruega Reinado 17 de enero de 1991 Presente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harald V — (født 21. februar 1937) blev konge af Norge i 1991. Harald var søn af Olav V og Prinsesse Märthe af Sverige og blev født i Skaugum, nær Oslo. Han er den første norske konge som er født i landet siden Kong Olav IV i 1370. Harald boede i Washington …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Harald I. — Harald I. ist der Name folgender Personen: Harald I. (Norwegen) ( 852–932), König von Norwegen Harald Blauzahn (Harald I. Gormson; 910–987), König von Dänemark und Norwegen Harald I. (England) (1016–1040), König von England …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harald 2 — Harald 2, søn af Svend 1. Tveskæg var konge af Danmark fra 1014 1018. Allerede da faderen tager ud på sit sidste togt, indsætter han Harald som regent på den danske trone. Efter Svends nederlag og død i England kårer hæren hans søn Knud til konge …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Harald II. — Harald II. ist der Name folgender Personen: Harald II. (Norwegen), König von Norwegen von 960 bis 970 Harald II. (Dänemark) ( 995–1018), König von Dänemark Harald II. (England) (1022–1066), letzter angelsächsischer König Diese Sei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harald — [har′əld; ] Norw [ hä′rəld] 1937 ; king of Norway (1991 ) * * * (as used in expressions) Harald III Sigurdsson Harald the Ruthless Harald Hardraade * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”