Gunkel, Hermann

Gunkel, Hermann

▪ German biblical scholar
born May 23, 1862, Springe, Hannover [Ger.]
died March 11, 1932, Halle

      German Old Testament scholar who was one of the first to develop the method of biblical criticism known as form criticism.

      Educated at the University of Göttingen, Gunkel taught there and at Halle, Berlin, and Giessen. A leading member of the History of Religions school, he stressed the literary values of the Old Testament by comparative study of the legends on which it draws, particularly in Genesis, Psalms and the Prophets, on which he published works in 1901, 1903, and 1917. Extending his researches beyond current dogmatic interpretations, he promoted the study on literary-historical lines of the religious history of Israel, publishing Die israelitische Literatur (1906; “The Literature of Israel”) and Die Urgeschichte und die Patriarchen (1911; “Earliest History and the Patriarchs”). He contributed Psalmen to the Göttinger Handkommentar zum Alten Testament (1910; “Göttingen Ready Reference Commentary on the Old Testament”), assisted in the first edition of the religious encyclopaedia Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (1903–13; “Religion in History and the Present”), and was coeditor of the second edition (1927–32). Together with Wilhelm Bousset (Bousset, Wilhelm) he founded the series Forschungen zur Religion und Literatur des Alten Testaments und des Neuen Testaments (1903– ; “Research into the Religion and Literature of the Old and New Testaments”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • GUNKEL, HERMANN° — (1862–1932), German Bible scholar. Gunkel taught at the universities of Halle from 1888 to 1894 and 1920 to 1927, Berlin from 1894 to 1907, and Giessen from 1907 to 1920. The work of Gunkel has been a learned stimulant in biblical scholarship.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gunkel, Hermann — (1862–1932) Professor of OT in Berlin and Halle, who was the first to take seriously other Near Eastern religious traditions outside the Hebrew scriptures and who pioneered Form Criticism in OT studies …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Hermann Gunkel — (* 23. Mai 1862 in Springe, Königreich Hannover; † 11. März 1932 in Halle) war ein deutscher protestantischer Theologe (Alttestamentler). Leben Gunkel wurde als Sohn des Ersten Pfarrers in Springe geboren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gunkel — Gunkel, Hermann, prot. Theolog, geb. 23. Mai 1862 in Springe bei Hannover, habilitierte sich 1888 in Göttingen, 1889 in Halle und wurde 1894 außerordentlicher Professor der Theologie jn Berlin. Gunkels Arbeit dient in erster Linie der Übertragung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gunkel — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Daniel Gunkel (* 1980), deutscher Fußballspieler Josef Gunkel (1802–1878), österreichischer Schneidermeister Hermann Gunkel (1862–1932), deutscher protestantischer Alttestamentler Karl Gunkel (1864–1940),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Gunkel — and the study of oral tradition in biblical texts. He was an outstanding representative of the History of Religion School. Biography Gunkel was born in Springe, Kingdom of Hanover, where his father was a Lutheran pastor. He studied theology in… …   Wikipedia

  • Gunkel — Gụn|kel 〈f. 21; oberbair.〉 kesselförmige Bodensenke * * * Gụnkel,   Hermann, evangelischer Theologe, * Springe 23. 5. 1862, ✝ Halle (Saale) 11. 3. 1932; war 1894 1907 Professor in Berlin, 1907 20 in Gießen und bis 1927 in Halle (Saale). Gunkel,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Karl Gunkel — Karl August Gunkel (* 27. Mai 1864 in Lüneburg; † 26. Januar 1940) war ein deutscher Reichsgerichtsrat. Leben Gunkel wurde als Sohn des Ersten Pfarrers in Springe geboren. Sein Bruder war Hermann Gunkel. Von Michaeli 1884 bis Ostern 1886… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Gu — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

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