town, northeastern Algeria. It lies on the right bank of the Wadi el-Rabate just above its confluence with the Wadi Seybouse. Originally settled as pre-Roman Calama, it became a proconsular province and the bishopric of St. Possidius, biographer and student of St. Augustine. Among the town's Roman ruins are baths and a theatre, and 5 miles (8 km) west, at el-Announa, are the remains of Thibilis. Parts of the Byzantine walls still encircle the town, and the museum and the public gardens contain Roman relics and epigraphy. The modern town was founded by Marshal Bertrand Clauzel in 1836 as a French military base.

      Enclosed by mountains rising to nearly 2,000 feet (610 m) and covered by olive groves, the town is laid out in the French style of wide, tree-shaded streets, with the Casbah and military quarters to the south and the Arab quarter to the west. Although it has some light manufacturing (chinaware, bicycles, motorcycles, and small motors), Guelma is mainly an agricultural centre with a large cattle market, giving its name to an Algerian breed. The noted spa of Hammam Meskhoutine (“Bath of the Damned”), 12 miles (19 km) west, has the hottest waters known (208° F [98° C]) after the Iceland geysers. Pop. (1998) 108,734.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Guelma —   [gɛl ma], Stadt in Nordostalgerien, 65 km südlich von Annaba, 84 800 Einwohner;Verwaltungs und Marktzentrum des agrarischen Umlandes, Fahrrad und Motorradfabrik.   Stadtbild:   Guelma besitzt ein gut erhaltenes römisches Theater (1908… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guelma — Guelma, alger. Stadt, s. Gelma …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guelma — (en árabe:ولاية قالمة ) es una wilaya del este de Argelia. En ella se produjo en 1945 la masacre de Setif, por parte del Ejército francés. Es la región natal de Houari Boumédienne, Presidente de Argelia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guelma — v. d Algérie orientale; 85 210 hab.; ch. l. de la wilaya du m. nom. Centre d une riche rég. agricole. Constr. méca. Ruines romaines de l antique Calama …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guelma — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Calama. Guelma قالمة Guelma, Place 19 Mars, siège de la willaya bl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guelma — Infobox Algerian Municipality map1 = map2 = Guelma location.svg name1 = Guelma name2 = قالمة code = 2401 postal = 24000 province = Guelma note1 = (seat) district = Guelma note2 = (seat) seats = 23 president = alt1 = 256 alt2 = 843 area1 = area2 …   Wikipedia

  • Guelma — ‏قالمة‎ Guelma …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guelma — Original name in latin Guelma Name in other language Guelma, QGE, qalmt State code DZ Continent/City Africa/Algiers longitude 36.46214 latitude 7.42608 altitude 305 Population 123590 Date 2012 01 19 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Guelma — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Guelma Country and Admin Code DZ.23 DZ …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Guelma Province — Infobox Algerian Province name1 = Guelma name2 =قالمة provincecode = 24 areacode = 37 capital = Guelma districts = 10 municipalities = 34 wali = president = order = 1 E+9 m² area1 = 4,101 area2 = 1,583.4 population = 482,261… …   Wikipedia

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