Grumman, Leroy Randle

Grumman, Leroy Randle

▪ American engineer
born Jan. 4, 1895, Huntington, N.Y., U.S.
died Oct. 4, 1982, Manhasset, N.Y.

      American aeronautical engineer and founder of the Grumman Aerospace Corp. He designed some of the most effective naval aircraft used in World War II.

      After graduating from Cornell University, Grumman joined the U.S. Navy and served as a flight instructor and later as a test pilot. Following World War I he worked for the Loening Aeronautical Engineering Corp., but in 1929 he founded the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation on Long Island, N.Y. His FF-1, which entered service with the U.S. Navy in 1933, was a two-seat biplane with retractable landing gear. With the F4F Wildcat, introduced in 1940, Grumman switched to monoplane construction. The F4F featured a folding wing for compact stowage and was the United States' principal carrier-based fighter plane until Grumman's F6F Hellcat entered service in 1943. The F6F showed the bulky, ungainly, teardrop-shaped lines for which Grumman became famous, but it became the most successful fighter in the Pacific theatre, outflying and outgunning the Japanese Zero. The Hellcat was the first plane built to pilot specifications, the first produced in mass before a test flight had been conducted, and an aircraft that set production records because it was built so quickly. Another Grumman aircraft, the TBF Avenger, was the navy's premier torpedo bomber. With the F9F Panther, designed at war's end, Grumman fighters entered the jet age.

      In 1946 Grumman stepped down as president of his company, but he remained chairman of the board until 1966. The Grumman Corporation continued its association with the U.S. Navy, producing the A-6 Intruder attack aircraft in the 1960s and the F-14 Tomcat fighter in the '70s.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leroy Grumman — Leroy Randle Grumman (* 4. Januar 1895 in Huntington, Long Island, New York; † 4. Oktober 1982 in Manhasset) war ein US amerikanischer Konstrukteur und Flugzeugbauer. Nach dem Abschluss der High School 1911 studierte Grumman bis 1916… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leroy Grumman — Demande de traduction Leroy Grumman → Leroy Gr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leroy Grumman — Infobox Person name =Leroy Grumman image size =200px caption =Leroy Grumman, 1895 1982 birth date =4 January 1895 birth place =Huntington, New York death date =4 October 1982 death place =Manhasset, New York occupation =Co Founder, Grumman… …   Wikipedia

  • Northrop Grumman Corporation — ▪ American company       major American manufacturer specializing in defense and commercial aerospace, electronics, and information technology products and services. The current company was formed in 1939 as Northrop Aircraft, Inc., and was… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Gru–Grz — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port Washington — a town on NW Long Island, in SE New York. 14,521. * * * ▪ unincorporated community, New York, United States       unincorporated community in the town (township) of North Hempstead, Nassau county, New York, U.S. It lies on the north shore of Long …   Universalium

  • National Aviation Hall of Fame — The American National Aviation Hall of Fame is located at the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, east Dayton, Ohio. It is open to the public. The group holds a congressional charter under Title 36… …   Wikipedia

  • Presidential Medal for Merit — The Presidential Medal for Merit is one of the highest civilian decoration of the United States, awarded by the President of the United States to civilians for exceptionally meritorious conduct. It was created by Executive Order 9637 Medal for… …   Wikipedia

  • Pyotr Ufimtsev — Pyotr Yakovlevich Ufimtsev ( ru. Пётр Яковлевич Уфимцев) (born 1931) is a Russian physicist and mathematician, considered the seminal force behind modern stealth aircraft technology. In the 1960s he began developing equations for predicting the… …   Wikipedia

  • National Aviation Hall of Fame — Die National Aviation Hall of Fame (abk. NAHF) ist eine öffentliche Ehrungsstätte des National Museum of the United States Air Force der Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton im US Bundesstaat Ohio. Die NAHF ehrt Personen für ihre besonderen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”