Gropper, William

Gropper, William

▪ American artist
born Dec. 3, 1897, New York City
died Jan. 6, 1977, Manhasset, N.Y., U.S.

      editorial cartoonist, illustrator, and painter whose main concern was the human tragedy caused by economic and social injustice. Gropper studied at the National Academy of Design (1913–14), then at the New York School of Fine and Applied Art (1915–18). After a brief period as a cartoonist for the New York Tribune, he became involved in the Communist movement, working for a year in Moscow on the staff of Pravda, the official party newspaper, and later for the Daily Worker in the United States.

      During the 1930s Gropper emerged as a painter; once again an overriding theme of social protest dominated works such as “Burning Wheat” (on the Depression agricultural program) and “The Shoemaker” (on the poverty of the working class). He later painted a mural at the Department of the Interior building in Washington, D.C.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • GROPPER, WILLIAM — (1897–1977), U.S. cartoonist, painter, and printmaker. New York born Gropper grew up in poverty on the Lower East Side. This early existence heightened Gropper s sensitivity to social inequality, and indeed he used his art to comment on the human …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gropper, William — (1897 1979)    Amercian cartoonist. Born in New York City, he studied at the Ferrer School and the New York School of Fine and Applied Art. He became a cartoonist for the New York Tribune, and later worked for The Rebel Worker, New Masses and the …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • William Gropper — William Victor Gropper (December 3, 1897 – January 6, 1977), aka Samuel Gropper, was a U.S. cartoonist, painter, lithographer, and muralist.Born in New York City, he studied art at the Ferrer School and at the New York School of Fine and Applied… …   Wikipedia

  • Gropper — biographical name William 1897 1977 American artist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gropper — /grop euhr/, n. William, 1897 1977, U.S. painter. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gropper — /grop euhr/, n. William, 1897 1977, U.S. painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • social realism — social realist. a style of painting, esp. of the 1930s in the U.S., in which the scenes depicted typically convey a message of social or political protest edged with satire. Also, Social Realism. * * * Trend in U.S. art, originating с 1930,… …   Universalium

  • caricature and cartoon — ▪ graphic arts Introduction       in graphic art, comically distorted drawing or likeness, done with the purpose of satirizing or ridiculing its subject. Cartoons are used today primarily for conveying political commentary and editorial opinion… …   Universalium

  • Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture — ▪ United States federal arts project       most important of the U.S. Department of the Treasury s three visual arts programs conceived during the Great Depression of the 1930s by the Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.) administration… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Grl–Gro — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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