Grieg, Edvard

Grieg, Edvard

▪ Norwegian composer
in full  Edvard Hagerup Grieg 
born June 15, 1843, Bergen, Nor.
died Sept. 4, 1907, Bergen
 composer who was a founder of the Norwegian nationalist school of music.

      His father, Alexander Grieg, was British consul at Bergen. The Grieg (formerly Greig) family was of Scottish origin, the composer's grandfather having emigrated after the Battle of Culloden. His mother, Gesine Hagerup, who belonged to a well-established Norwegian family, studied music at Hamburg. From the age of six Grieg received piano lessons from her, and in 1858, at the recommendation of the violin virtuoso Ole Bull, he entered the Leipzig Conservatory, where he was influenced by the tradition of Mendelssohn and Schumann. During this period he suffered a severe attack of pleurisy from which he never really recovered. In 1863 he went to Copenhagen, where his development came from his association in 1864 with the young Norwegian nationalist composer Rikard Nordraak (Nordraak, Rikard). “Through him,” said Grieg, “I first learned to know the northern folk (folk music) tunes and my own nature.” In the winter of 1864–65 Grieg became one of the founders of the Copenhagen concert society, Euterpe, for the production of works by young Scandinavian composers. In 1867 he married his cousin, Nina Hagerup, who became an authoritative interpreter of his songs. He spent the winters of 1865–66 and 1869–70 in Rome, where he first met Ibsen and also Liszt, who was roused to enthusiasm by his piano concerto. In 1866 he settled in Christiania (now Oslo), remaining there until 1874, when he was granted an annual stipend of 1,600 crowns by the Norwegian government. In 1885 he built his home, “Troldhaugen,” near Bergen. In spite of poor health, Grieg made several tours in Scandinavia, on the Continent, and in England, playing his piano concerto in London in 1888.

 Rooted in the national folk tradition of Norway, Grieg's music is noted for a refined lyrical sense. Between 1867 and 1901 he wrote ten collections of Lyric Pieces (Lyriske Stykker) for piano. His spirited rhythms often have a folk song association. His harmonies, developed from the late Romantic style, were considered novel. In his few works in the larger forms—the Piano Concerto, Opus 16; the String Quartet in G Minor, Opus 27; and the three violin and piano sonatas—he uses a free sonata form. His original Ballad for piano, Opus 24, is a set of variations on a folk theme. Among his most popular works are his incidental music to Peer Gynt, Opus 23, and the suite Holberg, Opus 40. His arrangements of Norwegian dances and songs, Opus 17 and Opus 66, and especially his Slåtter, Norwegian Peasant Dances, Opus 72, show his characteristic sense of rhythm and harmony. His vocal works include the songs on texts of A.O. Vinje, Opus 33; and the Haugtussa cycle, Opus 67. Intuitively, he identified himself with the poet's imagery in these songs and discovered its musical equivalent.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Grieg,Edvard Hagerup — Grieg (grēg, grĭg), Edvard Hagerup. 1843 1907. Norwegian composer whose works, such as the incidental music for Peer Gynt (1876), incorporate Norwegian folk music idioms. * * * …   Universalium

  • Grieg, Edvard (Hagerup) — born June 15, 1843, Bergen, Nor. died Sept. 4, 1907, Bergen Norwegian composer. His parents were persuaded by violinist Ole Bull to send Grieg to Leipzig for music study, and he later studied with Niels Gade and others in Copenhagen, where he… …   Universalium

  • Grieg, Edvard —  (1843–1907) Norwegian composer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Grieg, Edvard Hagerup — ► (1843 1907) Compositor noruego. Destacó en la composición de lieder, aunque cultivó todos los géneros, a excepción del dramático y del religioso. Obras: Vorder Klosterpforte, Peer Gynt y Im Erbst, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grieg, Edvard (Hagerup) — (15 jun. 1843, Bergen, Noruega–4 sep. 1907, Bergen). Compositor noruego. Sus padres fueron persuadidos por el violinista Ole Bull de que enviaran a su hijo a Leipzig a estudiar música. Después estudió con Niels Gade y otros en Copenhague, donde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edvard Grieg — 1905 auf einer Fotografie von Nicola Perscheid Edvard Hagerup Grieg (* 15. Juni 1843 in Bergen, Norwegen; † 4. September 1907 ebenda) war ein norwegischer Komponist der Romantik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edvard Grieg — Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 1843 – 4 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist who composed in the Romantic period. He is best known for his Piano Concerto in A minor, for his incidental music to Henrik Ibsen s play Peer Gynt (which… …   Wikipedia

  • Edvard Grieg — Edvard Hagerup Grieg Edvard Grieg en 1888, por Elliott Fry …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grieg — Edvard Grieg Edvard Grieg Edvard Grieg (1891), représenté par Eilif Peterssen Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grieg — Grieg, Edvard, norweg. Komponist, geb. 15. Juni 1843 in Bergen, Sohn des britischen Konsuls Alexander G., erhielt seine musikalische Ausbildung von 1858 an am Leipziger Konservatorium unter Moscheles, Hauptmann, Richter und begab sich 1863. zur… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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