Great Eastern

Great Eastern

 steamship considered to be the prototype of the modern ocean liner. Designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel (Brunel, Isambard Kingdom) and John Scott Russell (Russell, John Scott) for the Eastern Navigation Company to carry cargo and passengers between England and India, it was the largest ship in the world at the time of its launching (1858), displacing 32,160 tons and measuring 692 feet (211 metres) overall. It had a projected speed of 14.5 knots (27 km per hour) and alternate methods of propulsion: two paddle engines, a single screw engine, and sails rigged on six masts. Before launching, the vessel passed to the Great Ship Company, which put it on a New York trade route. The huge cargo holds never were filled to capacity, and in 1864, after years of deficit operation, the ship was sold to the Great Eastern Steamship Company, which used it as a cable vessel until 1874; it was during this time that it laid the first successful transatlantic telegraph cable. Cable laying was interrupted in 1867, when it made a voyage from Liverpool to New York to attract American visitors to the Paris Exhibition. Jules Verne (Verne, Jules) was on this passage and wrote about the ship in his novel Une Ville flottante (1874; The Floating City). It was broken up in 1889.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Eastern — Le Great Eastern à Hearts Content en juillet 1866 Autres noms Leviathan Type Paquebot transatlantique Histoire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Eastern — Kolorierte Lithographie der Great Eastern p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Great-Eastern — SS Great Eastern peu avant son lancement en 1858 Noms : Le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Eastern — Dibujo del Great Eastern, 1859. Banderas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Great Eastern — may refer to:* SS Great Eastern, a steamship built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel in 1858, one of the largest ships in its era * Great Eastern Railway, an English railway company formed in 1862 from a merger of several smaller companies * The Great… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Eastern — (spr. Grät Ihstern), Schiff, so v.w. Leviathan 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Great Eastern — (engl., spr. grēt īstern, »das große Ostliche«), Name des 1852–57 von Scott Russell erbauten Riesendampfers; s. Dampfschiff, S. 466 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • great Eastern — ● schism …   Useful english dictionary

  • Great Eastern (paquebot) — Great Eastern Great Eastern SS Great Eastern peu avant son lancement en 1858 Noms : Le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Eastern Hotel Quezon City — (Манила,Филиппины) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 1403 Quezon Aven …   Каталог отелей

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”