- Grammy Award
▪ American music awardany of a series of awards presented annually in the United States by the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences (NARAS; commonly called the Recording Academy) to recognize achievement in the music industry. Winners are selected from more than 25 fields, which cover such genres as pop, rock, country, reggae, classical, and jazz, as well as production and post-production work, including packaging and album notes. Four general awards are also given for record, album, song of the year, and best new artist; in total more than 100 awards are presented. The honorees receive a golden statuette of a gramophone.To be eligible for a Grammy, the recording or music video must be released between October 1 and midnight September 30 of the given Grammy year. Entries are submitted by record companies as well as members of the academy and are reviewed to determine eligibility and category placement. The academy's voting members, through a series of ballots, select five nominees for each award and ultimately the winner; the voters cast ballots only in their areas of expertise. The winners are announced during a televised ceremony.The Grammy Awards were first presented in 1959, when 28 prizes were given. Winners included Ella Fitzgerald (Fitzgerald, Ella), Frank Sinatra (Sinatra, Frank), and the Kingston Trio (Kingston Trio, the). The number of awards has increased as musical genres have emerged. Rock was first recognized as a genre by the academy at the 1980 ceremony and rap at the 1989 presentation. An award for best music video was first handed out in 1982 to acknowledge the growing influence of the medium. With the rise of Latin music, NARAS in 1997 created the Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences (commonly called the Latin Recording Academy), which staged the first Latin Grammy Awards ceremony in 2000. Winning a Grammy usually results in greater record sales, as well as increased recognition to the artists. Among those who have received the most Grammys are Sir Georg Solti (Solti, Sir Georg) (32 awards), Quincy Jones (Jones, Quincy), Stevie Wonder (Wonder, Stevie), and Chet Atkins (Atkins, Chet).
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