Grainger, Percy

Grainger, Percy

▪ American composer
original name  George Percy Grainger  
born July 8, 1882, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
died Feb. 20, 1961, White Plains, N.Y., U.S.
 Australian-born American composer, pianist, and conductor who was also known for his work in collecting folk music.

      Grainger first appeared publicly as a pianist at age 10. He was educated at home in Melbourne by his mother. He studied piano with Louis Pabst in that city and later went to Frankfurt, where he attended the conservatory. He achieved a reputation as a brilliant concert pianist beginning in London in 1901. In 1906 Grainger became a friend of Edvard Grieg (Grieg, Edvard), under whose influence he began collecting and recording English folk songs by means of wax-cylinder phonographs. He settled in the United States in 1914, performing for a few years with a U.S. Army band.

      Grainger was deeply affected by the suicide of his mother in 1922. He returned to Australia alone in 1924 and toured there as a pianist in 1926 and again in 1934–35. In 1932–33 he was head of the music department of New York University. In 1935 he founded the Grainger Museum at Melbourne, a museum of Australian music where much of his own work and some of his artifacts are preserved.

      Grainger was heavily influenced by English folk music, which he arranged for keyboard instruments, chamber ensembles, and both solo voice and chorus. He is probably best remembered for Country Gardens and for the orchestral work Molly on the Shore. Other orchestral works are Shepherd's Hey and Mock Morris. In his chamber works, notably the two Hill Songs for 23 and 24 solo instruments, he experimented with novel rhythmic and structural forms.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Grainger, Percy — (1882 1961)    Born in Melbourne, Australia, he was something of a childhood prodigy, giving concerts from the age of 12. He came to English folk *song, after hearing a talk by Lucy *Broadwood, with characteristic energy and enthusiasm, noting… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Grainger, Percy Aldridge — orig. George Percy Grainger born July 8, 1882, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia died Feb. 20, 1961, White Plains, N.Y., U.S. Australian born U.S. composer and pianist. After studying music in Frankfurt, he established himself as a piano virtuoso in …   Universalium

  • Grainger, Percy Aldridge — orig. George Percy Grainger (8 jul. 1882, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia–20 feb. 1961, White Plains, N.Y., EE.UU.). Compositor y pianista estadounidense de origen australiano. Después de estudiar música en Francfort, se estableció como pianista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Percy Aldridge Grainger — Percy Grainger, 1915 Percy Aldridge Grainger (* 8. Juli 1882 in Brighton, einem Vorort von Melbourne; † 20. Februar 1961 in White Plains, New York (Bundesstaat)) war ein in Australien geborener Pianist, K …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Percy Grainger — Infobox Person name = Percy Grainger image size = 200px caption = Percy Aldridge Grainger (1882 1961) birth name = George Percy Grainger birth date = 8 July 1882 birth place = Brighton, Melbourne, Australia death date = 20 February 1961 death… …   Wikipedia

  • Percy Grainger — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Grainger. Percy Grainger Naissance 8  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Percy Grainger — noun United States composer (born in Australia) who lived in London and collected English folk songs (1882 1961) • Syn: ↑Grainger, ↑Percy Aldridge Grainger, ↑George Percy Aldridge Grainger • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer * * * Percy …   Useful english dictionary

  • Grainger — noun United States composer (born in Australia) who lived in London and collected English folk songs (1882 1961) • Syn: ↑Percy Grainger, ↑Percy Aldridge Grainger, ↑George Percy Aldridge Grainger • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer * * * /grayn jeuhr/ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Percy Aldridge Grainger — noun United States composer (born in Australia) who lived in London and collected English folk songs (1882 1961) • Syn: ↑Grainger, ↑Percy Grainger, ↑George Percy Aldridge Grainger • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Percy — /perr see/, n. 1. Sir Henry ( Hotspur ), 1364 1403, English military and rebel leader. 2. Thomas, 1729 1811, English poet and antiquary: bishop of Dromore 1782 1811. 3. a male given name, form of Percival. * * * (as used in expressions) Gilchrist …   Universalium

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