Gheg dialect  Gjinokastër , Greek  Argyrókastron , Italian  Argirocastro 

      town, southern Albania. Lying southeast of the Adriatic port of Vlorë, Gjirokastër overlooks the Drin River valley from the eastern slope of the long ridge of the Gjerë mountains. The town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2005 for its well-preserved centre built by farmers during the time of the Ottoman Empire. A 13th-century citadel marks the centre of town, and several tower houses known as kule represent the typical architecture of the 17th century. A mosque and two churches also remain from the 18th century. Picturesque, latticed houses sprawl upon the spurs of the mountain, nestling under the shadow of the fortress built by Ali Paşa, the Turkish grand vizier, in 1811. A centre of 19th-century Albanian nationalism, the town was the site of a meeting of the Albanian League in 1880 at which a resolution was passed demanding full autonomy from Ottoman rule. In the First Balkan War (1912–13), the town was claimed by Greece, and between 1939 and 1944 it was occupied in succession by the Italians, the Greeks, and the Germans. Gjirokastër was traditionally a centre of the Bektāshīyah order of Muslims. The Albanian Communist Party leader Enver Hoxha (Hoxha, Enver) was born there in 1908 of Muslim parents; his home was converted into a museum. Pop. (2001) 20,630.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gjirokastër — Gjirokastra (Albanian), Argirocastro (Italian), Aryirókastro Αργυρόκαστρο (Greek), Ergiri (Turkish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Gjirokastër — Infobox Settlement official name = Gjirokastër native name = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = Gjirokastër, as seen from the Citadel image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo size = mapsize =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gjirokaster — Gjirokastra DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gjirokastër — Gjirokastra DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gjirokastër — Gjirokạstër   [ tər], griechisch Argyrọkastron, Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Bezirks in Südalbanien, am Westrand des beckenartig erweiterten Dhrinotales, 24 900 Einwohner (mit griechischer Minderheit). Burg von Ali Pascha (mit Waffenmuseum).  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gjirokastër — Sp Girokãsteris Ap Gjirokastër L Albanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Gjirokaster — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Gjirokastër Country and Admin Code AL.45 AL …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Gjirokastër — noun A city in southern Albania …   Wiktionary

  • Gjirokastër — ► Distrito de Albania, en la región de Valona; 1 137 km2 y 67 392 h. Cap., la c. homónima (24 900 h) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gjirokaster — Original name in latin Gjirokastr Name in other language Agirocastro, Arghirocastru, Arghyrocastro, Argirocastro, Argirokastro, Argyrokastro, Argyrokastron, Aryirokastro, Aryirokastron, Ergheni, Ergiri, GJirokastra, Ghinokastre, Girokasteris,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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