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▪ ancient ritual
      (from Latin lustratio, “purification by sacrifice”), any of various processes in ancient Greece and Rome whereby individuals or communities rid themselves of ceremonial impurity (e.g., bloodguilt, pollution incurred by contact with childbirth or with a corpse) or simply of the profane or ordinary state, which made it dangerous to come into contact with sacred rites or objects. The methods varied from sprinkling with or washing in water, through rubbing with various substances, such as blood or clay, to complicated ceremonies, some of which involved confession of sins. Fumigation was also used.

      When a community was to be purified, either from collective guilt or from the accumulated ill luck and ill-doing of a period of time, different processes were used from culture to culture. The usual Greek method, for instance, seems to have been to lead through the village certain persons or animals capable of absorbing the pollution and then to lead them out of the city. In Rome, purifying materials were led or carried around the person or community in question. Many noteworthy public rites were of this kind, such as the Lupercalia (around the Palatine hill) and the amburbium (“around the city”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Lustration — has two meanings, historical and modern.Historically It was the term for various ancient Greek and Roman purification rituals.Modern In the period after the fall of the various European Communist states in 1989 – 1991, the term came to refer to… …   Wikipedia

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  • Lustration — Lus*tra tion, n. [L. lustratio: cf. F. lustration.] 1. The act of lustrating or purifying. [1913 Webster] And holy water for lustration bring. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. (Antiq.) A sacrifice, or ceremony, by which cities, fields, armies, or people …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lustration — (v. lat.), 1) Reinigung; 2) bes. die religliöse Reinigung von einer sittlichen Schuld, als nothwendige Bedingung der erneuten Theilnahmean dem Gottesdienste; über diese L en bei Griechen u. Römern s.u. Reinigung. Namentliche L en bei den Römern… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lustration — Lustration, bei den Römern Bezeichnung der feierlichen Reinigungen und Sühnungen, die einen wichtigen Teil ihres religiösen Kultus ausmachten, aber auch sonst bei verunreinigenden Veranlassungen, wie Blutvergießen, Wochenbett, Berührung eines… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lustration — (lat.), feierliche Reinigung, Weihe; Durchsicht, Musterung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lustration — Lustration, lat. deutsch, Reinigungsfeier, Musterung; Lustriren, mustern …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Lustration — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Lustration », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) La lustration, du latin lustratio, ou le lustre, de lustrum, est une cérémonie de purification de la Rome antique. Elle s effectuait en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lustration — (ˌ)ləˈstrāshən noun ( s) Etymology: Latin lustration , lustratio, from lustratus + ion , io ion 1. a. : a purificatory ceremony performed as a preliminary to entering a holy place, as a means of removing bloodguiltiness, on the occasion of a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lustration — Die Lustration war in der römischen Religion die Bezeichnung der feierlichen Reinigungen und Sühnungen, die einen wichtigen Teil des römischen Kultus ausmachten, aber auch sonst bei verunreinigenden Anlässen, wie Blutvergießen, Wochenbett,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lustration — Lus|tra|ti|on 〈f. 20〉 1. feierliche relig. Reinigung (durch Opfer o. Ä.) 2. 〈veraltet〉 Durchsicht, Prüfung [<lat. lustratio „Reinigung durch Opfer, Sühne“] * * * Lus|t|ra|ti|on, die; , en (Rel.): feierliche kultische Reinigung durch Sühnopfer… …   Universal-Lexikon

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